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Open AccessArticle

Modern Benthic Foraminiferal Diversity: An Initial Insight into the Total Foraminiferal Diversity along the Kuwait Coastal Water

Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat 13109, Kuwait
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, Safat 13060, Kuwait
Department of Pure and Applied Sciences (DiSPeA), Urbino University, 61029 Urbino, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2020, 12(4), 142;
Received: 11 March 2020 / Revised: 1 April 2020 / Accepted: 2 April 2020 / Published: 5 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Meiofauna Biodiversity and Ecology)
Kuwait territorial water hosts an important part of national biodiversity (i.e., zooplankton and phytoplankton), but very limited information exists on the overall diversity of benthic foraminifera. On the basis of the integration of publications, reports and theses with new available data from the Kuwait Bay and the northern islands, this study infers the total benthic foraminiferal diversity within Kuwait territorial water. This new literature survey documents the presence of 451 species belonging to 156 genera, 64 families, 31 superfamilies and 9 orders. These values are relatively high in consideration of the limited extension and the shallow depth of the Kuwait territorial water. Kuwait waters offer a variety of different environments and sub-environments (low salinity/muddy areas in the northern part, embayment, rocky tidal flats, coral reef systems, islands and shelf slope) that all together host largely diversified benthic foraminiferal communities. These figures are herein considered as underestimated because of the grouping of unassigned species due to the lack of reference collections and materials, as well as the neglection of the soft-shell monothalamids (‘allogromiids’). View Full-Text
Keywords: benthic foraminifera; biodiversity; checklist; Kuwait; Arabian Gulf benthic foraminifera; biodiversity; checklist; Kuwait; Arabian Gulf
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Al-Enezi, E.; Khader, S.; Balassi, E.; Frontalini, F. Modern Benthic Foraminiferal Diversity: An Initial Insight into the Total Foraminiferal Diversity along the Kuwait Coastal Water. Diversity 2020, 12, 142.

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