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Olfactory-Related Quality of Life in Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: A Genetic-Acquired Factors Model
Open AccessArticle

Increased Cardiovascular Risk Associated with Chemical Sensitivity to Perfluoro–Octanoic Acid: Role of Impaired Platelet Aggregation

1
Department of Medicine, Unit of Andrology and Reproductive Medicine, University of Padova, 35128 Padova, Italy
2
Department of Medicine, Thrombotic and Haemorrhagic Diseases Unit, Padova University Hospital, 35128 Padova, Italy
3
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, University of Padova, 35128 Padova, Italy
4
Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University of Padova, 35128 Padova, Italy
5
Department of Neuroscience, Section of Anatomy, University of Padova, 35128 Padova, Italy
6
Fondazione Foresta ONLUS, 35128 Padova, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(2), 399; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21020399
Received: 27 November 2019 / Revised: 20 December 2019 / Accepted: 3 January 2020 / Published: 8 January 2020
Perfluoro–alkyl substances (PFAS), particularly perfluoro–octanoic acid (PFOA), are persisting environmental chemicals showing bioaccumulation in human tissues. Recently, exposure to PFAS has been associated with increased prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, a causal role of PFAS in atherosclerosis pathogenesis is under-investigated. Here, we investigated the effect of PFOA exposure on platelets’ function, a key player in atherosclerosis process. PFOA accumulation in platelets was evaluated by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Changes in platelets’ membrane fluidity and activation after dose-dependent exposure to PFOA were evaluated by merocyanine 540 (MC540) and anti P-Selectin immune staining at flow cytometry, respectively. Intracellular calcium trafficking was analyzed with Fluo4M probe, time-lapse live imaging. Platelets’ aggregation state was also evaluated with Multiplate® aggregometry analyzer in 48 male subjects living in a specific area of the Veneto region with high PFAS environmental pollution, and compared with 30 low-exposure control subjects. Platelets’ membrane was the major target of PFOA, whose dose-dependent accumulation was associated in turn with increased membrane fluidity, as expected by a computational model; increased activation at resting condition; and both calcium uptake and aggregation upon activation. Finally, exposed subjects had higher serum and platelets levels of PFOA, together with increased aggregation parameters at Multiplate®, compared with controls. These data help to explain the emerging association between PFAS exposure and CVD. View Full-Text
Keywords: perfluoro–alkyl substances; cardiovascular diseases; liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, membrane fluidity, platelets’ aggregation perfluoro–alkyl substances; cardiovascular diseases; liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, membrane fluidity, platelets’ aggregation
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De Toni, L.; Radu, C.M.; Sabovic, I.; Di Nisio, A.; Dall’Acqua, S.; Guidolin, D.; Spampinato, S.; Campello, E.; Simioni, P.; Foresta, C. Increased Cardiovascular Risk Associated with Chemical Sensitivity to Perfluoro–Octanoic Acid: Role of Impaired Platelet Aggregation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 399.

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