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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(11), 3529; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19113529

The Long Journey of Pollen Tube in the Pistil

1
Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Haixia Applied Plant Systems Biology, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Genetics, Breeding and Multiple Utilization of Crops, Center for Genomics and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and Taiwan Crops, College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 September 2018 / Revised: 4 November 2018 / Accepted: 7 November 2018 / Published: 9 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pollen Tube and Plant Reproduction)
Full-Text   |   PDF [838 KB, uploaded 9 November 2018]   |  

Abstract

In non-cleistogamous plants, the male gametophyte, the pollen grain is immotile and exploits various agents, such as pollinators, wind, and even water, to arrive to a receptive stigma. The complex process of pollination involves a tubular structure, i.e., the pollen tube, which delivers the two sperm cells to the female gametophyte to enable double fertilization. The pollen tube has to penetrate the stigma, grow in the style tissues, pass through the septum, grow along the funiculus, and navigate to the micropyle of the ovule. It is a long journey for the pollen tube and its two sperm cells before they meet the female gametophyte, and it requires very accurate regulation to perform successful fertilization. In this review, we update the knowledge of molecular dialogues of pollen-pistil interaction, especially the progress of pollen tube activation and guidance, and give perspectives for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: female gametophyte; male gametophyte; pollen tube guidance; sexual reproduction; stigma; transmitting tract female gametophyte; male gametophyte; pollen tube guidance; sexual reproduction; stigma; transmitting tract
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zheng, Y.-Y.; Lin, X.-J.; Liang, H.-M.; Wang, F.-F.; Chen, L.-Y. The Long Journey of Pollen Tube in the Pistil. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3529.

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