Morphological Type Identification of Self-Incompatibility in Dendrobium and Its Phylogenetic Evolution Pattern
AbstractSelf-incompatibility (SI) is a type of reproductive barrier within plant species and is one of the mechanisms for the formation and maintenance of the high diversity and adaptation of angiosperm species. Approximately 40% of flowering plants are SI species, while only 10% of orchid species are self-incompatible. Intriguingly, as one of the largest genera in Orchidaceae, 72% of Dendrobium species are self-incompatible, accounting for nearly half of the reported SI species in orchids, suggesting that SI contributes to the high diversity of orchid species. However, few studies investigating SI in Dendrobium have been published. This study aimed to address the following questions: (1) How many SI phenotypes are in Dendrobium, and what are they? (2) What is their distribution pattern in the Dendrobium phylogenetic tree? We investigated the flowering time, the capsule set rate, and the pollen tube growth from the representative species of Dendrobium after artificial pollination and analysed their distribution in the Asian Dendrobium clade phylogenetic tree. The number of SI phenotypes exceeded our expectations. The SI type of Dendrobium chrysanthum was the primary type in the Dendrobium SI species. We speculate that there are many different SI determinants in Dendrobium that have evolved recently and might be specific to Dendrobium or Orchidaceae. Overall, this work provides new insights and a comprehensive understanding of Dendrobium SI. View Full-Text
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Niu, S.-C.; Huang, J.; Xu, Q.; Li, P.-X.; Yang, H.-J.; Zhang, Y.-Q.; Zhang, G.-Q.; Chen, L.-J.; Niu, Y.-X.; Luo, Y.-B.; Liu, Z.-J. Morphological Type Identification of Self-Incompatibility in Dendrobium and Its Phylogenetic Evolution Pattern. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2595.
Niu S-C, Huang J, Xu Q, Li P-X, Yang H-J, Zhang Y-Q, Zhang G-Q, Chen L-J, Niu Y-X, Luo Y-B, Liu Z-J. Morphological Type Identification of Self-Incompatibility in Dendrobium and Its Phylogenetic Evolution Pattern. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(9):2595.Chicago/Turabian Style
Niu, Shan-Ce; Huang, Jie; Xu, Qing; Li, Pei-Xing; Yang, Hai-Jun; Zhang, Yong-Qiang; Zhang, Guo-Qiang; Chen, Li-Jun; Niu, Yun-Xia; Luo, Yi-Bo; Liu, Zhong-Jian. 2018. "Morphological Type Identification of Self-Incompatibility in Dendrobium and Its Phylogenetic Evolution Pattern." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 9: 2595.
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