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Open AccessArticle

Technological Implications of Modifying the Extent of Cell Wall-Proanthocyanidin Interactions Using Enzymes

1
Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Murcia, 30071 Murcia, Spain
2
Université de Tunis El Manar, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, 2092 Tunis, Tunisia
3
LIP-MB, National Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology (INSAT), University of Carthage, 2046 Tunis, Tunisia
4
Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Alimentos y Ambiental, Sta. Catarina Mártir, 72810 San Andrés Cholula, Puebla, México
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paula Andrade and Patrícia Valentão
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(1), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17010123
Received: 16 December 2015 / Revised: 8 January 2016 / Accepted: 11 January 2016 / Published: 18 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics 2015)
The transference and reactivity of proanthocyanidins is an important issue that affects the technological processing of some fruits, such as grapes and apples. These processes are affected by proanthocyanidins bound to cell wall polysaccharides, which are present in high concentrations during the processing of the fruits. Therefore, the effective extraction of proanthocyanidins from fruits to their juices or derived products will depend on the ability to manage these associations, and, in this respect, enzymes that degrade these polysaccharides could play an important role. The main objective of this work was to test the role of pure hydrolytic enzymes (polygalacturonase and cellulose) and a commercial enzyme containing these two activities on the extent of proanthocyanidin-cell wall interactions. The results showed that the modification promoted by enzymes reduced the amount of proanthocyanidins adsorbed to cell walls since they contributed to the degradation and release of the cell wall polysaccharides, which diffused into the model solution. Some of these released polysaccharides also presented some reactivity towards the proanthocyanidins present in a model solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: proanthocyanidin; tannins; cell wall; enzymes; polysaccharides; phloroglucionolysis; size exclusion chromatography; polygalacturonase; cellulase proanthocyanidin; tannins; cell wall; enzymes; polysaccharides; phloroglucionolysis; size exclusion chromatography; polygalacturonase; cellulase
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bautista-Ortín, A.B.; Ben Abdallah, R.; Castro-López, L.D.R.; Jiménez-Martínez, M.D.; Gómez-Plaza, E. Technological Implications of Modifying the Extent of Cell Wall-Proanthocyanidin Interactions Using Enzymes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 123. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17010123

AMA Style

Bautista-Ortín AB, Ben Abdallah R, Castro-López LDR, Jiménez-Martínez MD, Gómez-Plaza E. Technological Implications of Modifying the Extent of Cell Wall-Proanthocyanidin Interactions Using Enzymes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(1):123. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17010123

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bautista-Ortín, Ana B.; Ben Abdallah, Rim; Castro-López, Liliana D.R.; Jiménez-Martínez, María D.; Gómez-Plaza, Encarna. 2016. "Technological Implications of Modifying the Extent of Cell Wall-Proanthocyanidin Interactions Using Enzymes" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 1: 123. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17010123

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