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Eruca sativa Might Influence the Growth, Survival under Simulated Gastrointestinal Conditions and Some Biological Features of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rhamnosus Strains

Institute of Food Science, ISA-CNR, Via Roma, 64, 83100 Avellino, Italy
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(10), 17790-17805; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms151017790
Received: 5 August 2014 / Revised: 3 September 2014 / Accepted: 17 September 2014 / Published: 1 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
The growth and viability of three Lactobacillus strains, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rhamnosus, after their passage through simulated gastric and pancreatic juices were studied as a function of their presence in the growth medium of rocket salad (Eruca sativa). The presence of E. sativa affected some of the biological properties of the strains. For example, L. acidophilus and L. plantarum worked more efficiently in the presence of E. sativa, increasing not only the antioxidant activity of the medium, but also their own antioxidant power and antimicrobial activity; L. rhamnosus was not affected in the same manner. Overall, the presence of vegetables might help to boost, in specific cases, some of the characteristics of lactobacilli, including antioxidant and antimicrobial power. View Full-Text
Keywords: probiotics; Eruca sativa; Lactobacillus; antioxidant; antimicrobial activity; lab-on-chip protein profile probiotics; Eruca sativa; Lactobacillus; antioxidant; antimicrobial activity; lab-on-chip protein profile
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Fratianni, F.; Pepe, S.; Cardinale, F.; Granese, T.; Cozzolino, A.; Coppola, R.; Nazzaro, F. Eruca sativa Might Influence the Growth, Survival under Simulated Gastrointestinal Conditions and Some Biological Features of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rhamnosus Strains. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 17790-17805.

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