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Article

Relationship between Fatty Acids Composition/Antioxidant Potential of Breast Milk and Maternal Diet: Comparison with Infant Formulas

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Perugia, 06126 Perugia, Italy
2
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Perugia, 06126 Perugia, Italy
3
Struttura Complessa di Neonatologia e Terapia Intensiva Neonatale– Azienda Ospedaliera Santa Maria della Misericordia—Perugia, 06129 Perugia, Italy
4
Department of Health Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20142 Milan, Italy
5
Department of Medicine (DAME), University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Pierluigi Plastina and George Kokotos
Molecules 2020, 25(12), 2910; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25122910
Received: 23 May 2020 / Revised: 19 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 24 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lipids in Health and Disease)
The fatty acid composition of human breast milk is relevant for the energy, immunity and eicosanoid production in infants. Additionally, the antioxidant properties of foods are essential for human health. Therefore, in the present study we aimed to investigate the relationship between maternal diet and fatty acids composition as well as the antioxidant potential of breast milk from donors to human milk bank of Perugia’s hospital, Italy. Results were compared with infant formulas. We observed increased levels of total fatty acids and, in particular, saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in milk from mothers fed on a vegetable and fruit-rich diet compared with a Mediterranean diet. In the same milk, a reduced antioxidant potential was found. All infant formulas resulted in richer total fatty acid content than human breast milk. Only some formulas were qualitatively similar to breast milk. Of note, the antioxidant potential of the formulas was higher or lower than the human milk with the exception of one sample. The antioxidant potential of four formulas was very high. Dietary supplementation with antioxidants has been shown to have a teratogenic effect and to increase the formation of metastases in adult. There are no data on the effects of excess antioxidants in the infants, but the possibility that they can be harmful cannot be excluded. View Full-Text
Keywords: human milk; fatty acids; PUFA; antioxidant potential; infant formulas human milk; fatty acids; PUFA; antioxidant potential; infant formulas
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MDPI and ACS Style

Codini, M.; Tringaniello, C.; Cossignani, L.; Boccuto, A.; Mirarchi, A.; Cerquiglini, L.; Troiani, S.; Verducci, G.; Patria, F.F.; Conte, C.; Cataldi, S.; Ceccarini, M.R.; Paroni, R.; Dei Cas, M.; Beccari, T.; Curcio, F.; Albi, E. Relationship between Fatty Acids Composition/Antioxidant Potential of Breast Milk and Maternal Diet: Comparison with Infant Formulas. Molecules 2020, 25, 2910. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25122910

AMA Style

Codini M, Tringaniello C, Cossignani L, Boccuto A, Mirarchi A, Cerquiglini L, Troiani S, Verducci G, Patria FF, Conte C, Cataldi S, Ceccarini MR, Paroni R, Dei Cas M, Beccari T, Curcio F, Albi E. Relationship between Fatty Acids Composition/Antioxidant Potential of Breast Milk and Maternal Diet: Comparison with Infant Formulas. Molecules. 2020; 25(12):2910. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25122910

Chicago/Turabian Style

Codini, Michela, Carmela Tringaniello, Lina Cossignani, Antonio Boccuto, Alessandra Mirarchi, Laura Cerquiglini, Stefania Troiani, Giuseppa Verducci, Federica F. Patria, Carmela Conte, Samuela Cataldi, Maria R. Ceccarini, Rita Paroni, Michele Dei Cas, Tommaso Beccari, Francesco Curcio, and Elisabetta Albi. 2020. "Relationship between Fatty Acids Composition/Antioxidant Potential of Breast Milk and Maternal Diet: Comparison with Infant Formulas" Molecules 25, no. 12: 2910. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25122910

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