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Molecules 2019, 24(8), 1470; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081470

A Modified QuEChERS Method for Determination of Pyrethroid Residues in Traditional Chinese Medicine Oral Liquids by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

1
Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources of Ministry of Education, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Life and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
2
Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 March 2019 / Revised: 4 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 13 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Analysis of Residues in Food and Environment)
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Abstract

Pyrethroid residues in traditional Chinese medicines have been a serious threat to the health and treatment of patients. However, because of the matrix complexity of traditional Chinese medicine, the detection of pyrethroid residues remains a challenge. Therefore, we developed a QuEChERS method coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography and ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) for the determination of pyrethroid pesticides in three kinds of traditional Chinese medicine oral liquid preparations, and we investigated and optimized the extraction conditions. The matrix effect was estimated in the organic solvent and the actual samples by comparing the slopes of calibration curves, and the results showed that the matrix effect is not significant when using the modified QuEChERS method. The pyrethroid pesticides could be completely separated in 30 min. The linear correlation coefficients were more than 0.999, and the recoveries of all the pyrethroid pesticides ranged from 87.2% to 104.8%. The intra-day precisions (n = 5) were 2.44–4.62%, and the inter-day precisions (n = 5) were 1.06–3.02%. Moreover, the limits of detection were in the range of 0.007–0.018 ng mL−1, while the limits of quantitation were in the range of 0.022–0.057 ng mL−1. This simple, low-cost, and highly sensitive analytical method can be a potential tool for the analysis of pyrethroid residues in traditional Chinese medicine oral liquid preparations. View Full-Text
Keywords: traditional Chinese medicine oral liquid; pyrethroid pesticide; QuEChERS; high-performance liquid chromatography traditional Chinese medicine oral liquid; pyrethroid pesticide; QuEChERS; high-performance liquid chromatography
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Hou, Y.; Chen, H.; Li, X.; Liao, Y.; Tsunoda, M.; Zhang, Y.; Deng, S.; Song, Y. A Modified QuEChERS Method for Determination of Pyrethroid Residues in Traditional Chinese Medicine Oral Liquids by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. Molecules 2019, 24, 1470.

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