Next Article in Journal
A Turn-on Fluorescence Sensor for Heparin Detection Based on a Release of Taiwan Cobra Cardiotoxin from a DNA Aptamer or Adenosine-Based Molecular Beacon
Previous Article in Journal
Trifluoromethyl Boron Dipyrromethene Derivatives as Potential Photosensitizers for Photodynamic Therapy
 
 
Article

Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of the Fruits of a Chinese Wild Passiflora foetida

1
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety, College of Food Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
2
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China
3
Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2018, 23(2), 459; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23020459
Received: 30 January 2018 / Revised: 13 February 2018 / Accepted: 15 February 2018 / Published: 19 February 2018
The aim of this work was to evaluate the main nutrients and their antioxidant properties of a Chinese wild edible fruit, Passiflora foetida, collected from the ecoregion of Hainan province, China. The analytical results revealed that P. foetida fruits were rich in amino acids (1097 mg/100 g in total), minerals (595.75 mg/100 g in total), and unsaturated fatty acids (74.18 g/100 g in total fat). The lyophilized powder of edible portion contained the higher polyphenols content than the inedible portion powder. The UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE analysis of the extractable and non-extractable phenolics indicated the presence of 65 compounds including 39 free phenolics, 14 insoluble-glycoside-phenolics, and 22 insoluble-ester-phenolics. In addition, the non-extractable phenolics obtained by alkali hydrolysis showed significant antioxidant activities by/through DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging. These findings of P. foetida fruits, for the first time, suggest that these polyphenol-rich fruits may have potential nutraceutical efficacies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Passiflora foetida; fruit; nutritional composition; antioxidant properties; UPLC-MS; phenolic compound Passiflora foetida; fruit; nutritional composition; antioxidant properties; UPLC-MS; phenolic compound
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Song, Y.; Wei, X.-Q.; Li, M.-Y.; Duan, X.-W.; Sun, Y.-M.; Yang, R.-L.; Su, X.-D.; Huang, R.-M.; Wang, H. Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of the Fruits of a Chinese Wild Passiflora foetida. Molecules 2018, 23, 459. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23020459

AMA Style

Song Y, Wei X-Q, Li M-Y, Duan X-W, Sun Y-M, Yang R-L, Su X-D, Huang R-M, Wang H. Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of the Fruits of a Chinese Wild Passiflora foetida. Molecules. 2018; 23(2):459. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23020459

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Ya, Xiao-Qun Wei, Mei-Ying Li, Xue-Wu Duan, Yuan-Ming Sun, Rui-Li Yang, Xiang-Dong Su, Ri-Ming Huang, and Hong Wang. 2018. "Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of the Fruits of a Chinese Wild Passiflora foetida" Molecules 23, no. 2: 459. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23020459

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop