Natural and Anthropic Groundwater Recharge in Arid and Semiarid Mountain

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydrology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2021) | Viewed by 1126

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME), Ríos Rosas 23, 28003 Madrid, Spain
Interests: hydrogeology; groundwater; karst aquifer; caves; speleogenesis; hydrogeochemistry; recharge

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Guest Editor
Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME), CSIC, 18006 Granada, Spain
Interests: high-mountain hydrogeology; groundwater; karst aquifer; slope aquifer; recharge channels; Nature-based solutions

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Guest Editor
Centro Nacional Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IGME-CSIC), Zaragoza, Spain
Interests: isotope hydrology; alpine hydrogeology; aquifer recharge; nature-based solutions; climate change
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

High mountain zones are known as “water towers” because they generate the main water resources that feed the lowlands. Nevertheless, in these zones, surface runoff, which represents a large portion of precipitation, leaves the hydrological watersheds very fast. Mountain aquifers provide a strategic water resource to downstream dependent ecosystems, especially in semi-arid regions where water is a limited resource. Characterizing both, the processes driving recharge and the mountain aquifer behavior is critical to correctly manage groundwater resources in these mountain zones, where the assessment of recharge is highly complex. There are many processes such as the snow depositional effects (e.g., advection, sublimation, melting, refreezing, etc.) and the precipitation and temperature vertical gradients that may heavily affect recharge. Additionally, transit times in mountain aquifers are often short, making groundwater resource management more of a challenge, even more so if climate change impacts are considered. Different water management techniques have been developed, some of them being ancestral, to increase both the mean transit time of water in the watersheds and the aquifer recharge rates.

This Special Issue will consider original contributions focused on aquifer recharge evaluation and characterization of processes driving recharge in mountain aquifers, but also on interesting techniques of conjunctive use of groundwater and surface water in mountain zones, to be used as adaptative measures to minimize the impact of climate change on water resources in mountain zones.

Dr. Juan José Durán
Dr. Sergio Martos Rosillo
Dr. Jorge Jódar Bermúdez
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • mountain hydrogeology
  • aquifer recharge
  • groundwater resources management
  • climate change adaptation measures
  • slope aquifers
  • environmental tracers
  • integrated water resources management
  • water harvesting
  • water sowing
  • transit time

Published Papers

There is no accepted submissions to this special issue at this moment.
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