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Research Progress in Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2023) | Viewed by 1322

Special Issue Editors

School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tiangong University, Tianjin 300387, China
Interests: biomass-derived carbon materials; carbon-based catalysts; carbon-based photocatalysis
School of Energy & Power Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
Interests: low dimensional materials; carbon nanomaterials; water treatment; energy storage
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Guest Editor
School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
Interests: carbon materials; electrochemical energy storage and conversion; electrocatalysts

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In a modern industrial system, carbon materials have become important technological products for various practical applications, including aviation, aircraft, battery, photovoltaic, sensor, chemical engineering, medicine, and decontaminant. Generally, the preparation of carbon materials involves an uneconomic and ecologically unfriendly process, due to the fact that (a) carbon sources mainly derive from fossil feedstock; (2) many hazardous reagents may be used during the preparation process, such as strong acid. In order to relieve the energy and environmental pressure, “green” carbon materials have been proposed and attracts big research attention. In consideration of the cheapness, universality, and sustainability, a lot of biomasses and derivatives are gradually utilized to fabricate functional carbon materials, and the corresponding biomass-derived carbon (BDC) has also achieved rapid development in recent years.

The intrinsic structure of biomass-derived carbon highly depends on the morphology and components of original substances, which also greatly affects its physicochemical, electronic, and magnetic properties. As a result, various biomass-derived carbon materials probably exhibit very different applied performance in some yields. This Special Issue aims to provide a platform to display the latest research results regarding the preparation and application of biomass-derived carbon materials. This Special Issue will focus on multidimensional topics about the BDC, such as the structural conversion process, structural characterizations, application exploration, and scale-up production.

In this Special Issue, original research articles and reviews are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Structural monitoring from biomass to carbon
  • Product analysis during the conversion process
  • Thermodynamic and energy management
  • Application of BDC for energy storage and conversion
  • Application of BDC for environmental modification
  • Design and application of BDC-hybridized carbon materials
  • Design and application of functional BDC-based composites

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Peng Zhang
Dr. Zheng Ling
Dr. Juan Yang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biomass
  • carbon materials
  • energy storage
  • energy conversion
  • environmental modification

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

14 pages, 59345 KiB  
Article
Three-Dimensional Porous ZnO-Supported Carbon Fiber Aerogel with Synergistic Effects of Adsorption and Photocatalysis for Organics Removal
by Wubo Wan, Yu Li, Shiwei Bai, Xiaoyan Yang, Mingming Chi, Yaqin Shi, Changhua Liu and Peng Zhang
Sustainability 2023, 15(17), 13088; https://doi.org/10.3390/su151713088 - 30 Aug 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 829
Abstract
A three-dimensional (3D) ZnO-supported carbon fiber aerogel (ZnO/CFA) was successfully prepared by using natural cotton with hydrophilicity as the precursor. The facile synthetic strategy includes two steps: Zn2+ exchange on the surface of cotton and thermal treatment at high temperatures. Particularly, the [...] Read more.
A three-dimensional (3D) ZnO-supported carbon fiber aerogel (ZnO/CFA) was successfully prepared by using natural cotton with hydrophilicity as the precursor. The facile synthetic strategy includes two steps: Zn2+ exchange on the surface of cotton and thermal treatment at high temperatures. Particularly, the calcination temperature was found to greatly affect the content, dispersity, and size of supported ZnO nanoparticles, and the product obtained at 600 °C (ZnO/CFA-600) exhibited both high ZnO loading and well-dispersed ZnO nanoparticles. Therefore, ZnO/CFA-600 has superior photocatalytic activity for tetracycline (TC) degradation under UV light irradiation compared with others. Additionally, the unique 3D crosslinking network inside the ZnO/CFA generates an open channel for the rapid migration and diffusion of reactants and products. In a dynamical water-treated system, the 3D porous ZnO/CFA-600 continuously works for TC removal without any separation operation and maintains high synergistic performance of adsorption and photocatalysis for at least 8 h. Consequently, the 3D porous ZnO/CFA product, with its large adsorbability and high photoactivity, shows a lot of industrial potential in wastewater treatments. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research Progress in Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass)
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