Special Issue "Understanding Policy Dynamics of COVID-19 in the EU and the Rest of the World: Challenges, Reactions, and Perspectives after One Year"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2021.
Interests: transport economics; accessibility; service quality; tourism and transport; demand analysis
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
The COVID-19 pandemic is shaping citizen trust in institutions at different jurisdictions, from the local to the regional, national, and supranational. The disease caused by the coronavirus has put stress on national healthcare systems globally and has fundamentally changed every aspect of our lives compared to pre-pandemic times. The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 to be a global emergency on 30 January 30 2020, and the “flatten the curve” measure was highlighted as the main policy to prevent healthcare system collapse. Thus, national governments were obliged to close their borders, restrict travel, and control economic activity not deemed essential. Unavoidably, in 2020 the world faced an unparalleled economic crisis and recession, which harmed the poor and vulnerable the most. The fight against extreme poverty suffered the first reversal after decades of steady progress in reducing it (The World Bank, 2020).
Countries around the world imposed different measures to contain the pandemic, and unfamiliar concepts in the past such as lockdowns, mask mandates, social distancing, self-isolation, quarantine, and wash your hands more frequently have become part of our common vocabulary. The containment of the pandemic spread is still a challenge to many countries that are facing a second or third wave, and the trade-off between health and the economy seems to be unresolved. COVID-19 affected citizens' lives very differently. In cases where citizens knew someone who died because of the disease or were very concerned about their health or the health of a closed relative, they might see that the benefits associated with the control of deaths outweigh the economic loss associated with the more restrictive measures. Similarly, personal positions around being in favor of limiting individual rights or civil liberties, as well as the use of tracking apps to control the potential spread to citizens who have been in contact with the virus can determine the support or not to some of the measures taken by national or regional governments. Jurisdictions of the states or the regions vs. nations or supranational entities, such as the EU, regarding the role of governance to control the spread of the pandemic is also an interesting factor to analyze.
Given the extraordinary period we are living, it is paramount that policy makers and social scientist can research how citizens and collective groups are responding to the pandemic. There are a number of topics within the social context that can be selected, as pandemic control measures require a significant change in social behavior that is affected by multiple factors, such as social norms, social inequality, culture, and polarization. The contributors to this volume will address the following research questions:
- What are the main anti-COVID measures taken by distinct countries? Are there any lessons that can be extracted?
- What are the main factors that affect citizen support towards the measures taken?
- Can the recovery plans alleviate the expected extreme poverty increases?
- Is the accelerated economic downturn diminishing institutional trust?
- How is the pandemic affecting the migratory crises? Are nations' residents changing their opinions and behaviors towards migrants?
- What can we learn from the current pandemic with respect to national health care systems?
- Can the public/private debate (neo-liberalism) polarize more the society?
- Do populist parties take advantage of the causes of the current pandemic?
- Does the pandemic increase EU skepticism, or, contrarily, can it be seen as a good opportunity for more federalist integration (more EU solutions to the crisis)? Can this be extended to other supra-national institutions like the WHO?
- Do citizens have more distrust of democratic systems because of the political management of the crisis?
- Are social welfare policies in jeopardy? Are high-income citizens ready to pay more taxes?
- Will citizens prefer more authoritarian or technocratic forms of government?
- Does the current pandemic change the industrial globalization process? Are western citizens prepared for medical and pharmaceutical supply shortages because most of the industry was externalized to developing countries like India and China?
- Can the hospitality and travel industry bounce back sooner than later if the vaccines are effective?
- What are the main social changes observed in citizens’ lives due more time being spent at home?
- Does the current pandemic foster e-health, working from home, e-commerce, and other e-services?
- Is there any gender issues exacerbated by the pandemic?
- Is the pandemic a good opportunity to include climate action in the recovery agenda to make the planet more sustainable?
- Which parts of the world are more vulnerable to reversals from democratic systems to authoritarian systems?
- So far, are citizens satisfied with the leadership, information, and transparency of the current governments? In terms of citizen participation, is there much room for social governance?
Prof. Dr. Juan Martín
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a double-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Social Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- national anti-COVID-19 measures
- citizen support
- COVID-19 and governance
- COVID-19 and institutional trust
- individual and collective behavior
- political polarization
- health benefits vs. economic damage
- social inequality