Special Issue "Peatlands: Outstanding Witnesses of the Environmental Evolution of Southern Europe"
A special issue of Quaternary (ISSN 2571-550X).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2019) | Viewed by 9506
Interests: peatlands; wetland soils; paleoenvironmental reconstruction; environmental anthropization; climate changes
Interests: palynology; environmental archaeology; climate change; palaeoecology
Interests: peatlands; soil chemistry; soil genesis; paleoenvironmental reconstruction
Peatlands are ecosystems of exceptional environmental value, but because of their intrinsic biogeochemical characteristics and spatial distribution, they have emerged as frontline protagonists in understanding the environmental evolution of the planet.
The capacities associated with their development, such as their sensitivity and chronological resolution, and their biophysical components, such as organic matter, water, and vegetation, turn these ecosystems into huge stores of environmental information, which we know as natural archives.
This quality has promoted the use of peatlands in tracking the imprint left on the planet by environmental dynamics. Thus, studies based on the analysis of different abiotic and biotic records (ashes, trace elements, isotopes, pollen, testate amoebas, and organic geochemistry) have multiplied, using peatlands to identify, understand and measure aspects related to climatic evolution, the intensity of the anthropization of the natural environment, and the dynamics of plant populations or pollution.
The production of knowledge has been so significant that now seems to be a good moment to reflect on what the main milestones that have been reached are, what the main gaps of knowledge that remain are, what the discrepancies detected in the registers or in the mechanisms that explain them are, and what the future challenges are. This need is particularly relevant in southern Europe, where the analysis of these environmental archives has been much more limited than in the northernmost regions.
Prof. Xabier Pontevedra Pombal
Dr. José Antonio López Sáez
Prof. Eduardo García-Rodeja Gayoso
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- climate change
- knowledge frontiers