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The Use of Plant Macrofossils for Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions in Southern European Peatlands

1
Department Botánica, Fac. Bioloxía, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Vida, 15782 Galicia, Spain
2
Department Edafoloxía e Quimica Agrícola, Fac. Bioloxía, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Vida, 15782 Galicia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Quaternary 2019, 2(4), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/quat2040034
Received: 2 July 2019 / Revised: 23 September 2019 / Accepted: 29 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
The analysis of plant macrofossils in peatland ecosystems has been widely used for the climatic and ecological reconstruction of the Holocene in the high latitudes of the northern hemisphere. By contrast, perhaps associated with rarity of these ecosystems, this proxy has barely been explored for southern Europe. In this work, a compilation and review of existing knowledge on the study of plant macrofossils of peatlands in southern Europe has been carried out, both from a paleoenvironmental perspective and in terms of biodiversity dynamics. Although small in surface area, the peatlands of southern Europe stand out for their diversity (botanical, edaphogenic, morphological, etc.), which has allowed the recovery of a large number of macrofossils from both vascular plants and bryophytes. The southern zone of Europe contains refuge zones with a high plant diversity that have not suffered the intense glaciation of the northern zones, this allows a continuous record since the beginning of the Holocene and the detection of climatic events in lower latitudes, where the ice recession was earlier. View Full-Text
Keywords: paleobotany; paleoclimatic reconstructions; plant remains; mires; bogs paleobotany; paleoclimatic reconstructions; plant remains; mires; bogs
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Souto, M.; Castro, D.; García-Rodeja, E.; Pontevedra-Pombal, X. The Use of Plant Macrofossils for Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions in Southern European Peatlands. Quaternary 2019, 2, 34.

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