Special Issue "Geometry, Representation Theory and Number Theory: Recent Applications in Physics"

A special issue of Mathematics (ISSN 2227-7390).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Yang-Hui He

1. Department of Mathematics, City, University of London, Northampton Square, London EC1V 0HB, UK
2. Merton College, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 4JD, UK
3. Nan Kai University, Tian Jin 300071, China
Website 1 | Website 2 | E-Mail
Interests: mathematical physics; string theory; algebraic geometry; number theory

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Twenty-first century science is driven by inter-disciplinary collaborations. This is certainly the case for fundamental physics and increasingly the case for pure mathematics. There is an ever-growing number of disciplines in modern mathematics which thrive on the cross-fertilization between various and often unimaginably different fields of study. Modern mathematical physics had been a fruitful dialogue between geometry, field theory and relativity, exemplified by the algebraic geometry of gauge theories and the differential geometry of space-time. This tradition of the geometrization of the nature of space, time and matter goes as far back as Kepler's famous saying “ubi materia, ibi geometria”.

Over the past half-century, this dialogue has been perhaps most prominent and productive in the realm of gauge theories and string theory. As we enter the second decade of the twenty-first century, the inter-disciplinary vision in mathematical physics is becoming ever more important. Here, representations of finite groups and Lie groups, the extraordinary emergence of modular and related Moonshine phenomenon in partition functions, the succinct encoding of physics and geometrical data in terms of representation of quivers and related moduli problems, as well as various readily available data-sets of geometry and representation theory, etc., have all become familiar objects to the theoretical and mathematical physics community.   

The purpose of this Special Issue is to present some of the recent results in this cross-disciplinary endeavour between physics, mathematicians and data scientists, and to further encourage this collaboration to explore new grounds of investigation.

Prof. Dr. Yang-Hui He
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Mathematics is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 850 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • algebraic & differential geometry
  • gauge theory & string theory
  • representation theory
  • data-sets in manifolds and varieties

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Quiver Gauge Theories: Finitude and Trichotomoty
Mathematics 2018, 6(12), 291; https://doi.org/10.3390/math6120291
Received: 25 August 2018 / Revised: 17 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 28 November 2018
PDF Full-text (337 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
D-brane probes, Hanany-Witten setups and geometrical engineering stand as a trichotomy of standard techniques of constructing gauge theories from string theory. Meanwhile, asymptotic freedom, conformality and IR freedom pose as a trichotomy of the beta-function behaviour in quantum field theories. Parallel thereto is [...] Read more.
D-brane probes, Hanany-Witten setups and geometrical engineering stand as a trichotomy of standard techniques of constructing gauge theories from string theory. Meanwhile, asymptotic freedom, conformality and IR freedom pose as a trichotomy of the beta-function behaviour in quantum field theories. Parallel thereto is a trichotomy in set theory of finite, tame and wild representation types. At the intersection of the above lies the theory of quivers. We briefly review some of the terminology standard to the physics and to the mathematics. Then, we utilise certain results from graph theory and axiomatic representation theory of path algebras to address physical issues such as the implication of graph additivity to finiteness of gauge theories, the impossibility of constructing completely IR free string orbifold theories and the unclassifiability of N < 2 Yang-Mills theories in four dimensions. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Primes and the Lambert W function
Mathematics 2018, 6(4), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/math6040056
Received: 24 March 2018 / Revised: 1 April 2018 / Accepted: 2 April 2018 / Published: 8 April 2018
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (252 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The Lambert W function, implicitly defined by W(x)eW(x)=x, is a relatively “new” special function that has recently been the subject of an extended upsurge in interest and applications. In this note, I [...] Read more.
The Lambert W function, implicitly defined by W ( x ) e W ( x ) = x , is a relatively “new” special function that has recently been the subject of an extended upsurge in interest and applications. In this note, I point out that the Lambert W function can also be used to gain a new perspective on the distribution of the prime numbers. Full article
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