Storm Surge Hazards Evaluation and Prediction

A special issue of Journal of Marine Science and Engineering (ISSN 2077-1312). This special issue belongs to the section "Coastal Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 August 2021) | Viewed by 2805

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Environmental Engineering Department (UNICAL-DIAm), Capo Tirone Experimental Marine Station, University of Calabria, 87036 Rende, Italy
Interests: atmospheric physics; physical oceanography; hydrodynamics; storm surges; meteorology; climate variability; storm surge forecasting; climate change; ocean modeling; coastal processes; coastal hazards; morphodynamics
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Coastal areas are increasingly being threatened by urban pressure, sea pollution, shoreline retreat, swells, and flooding events exacerbated by the enhancing rate of mean sea level rise and extreme weather events driven by climate change. In recent decades, these hazards have experienced increased research focus, posing several planning and management challenges to the stakeholders, often constrained in finding a compromise between flooding protection of the urban settlements, economic interests, and the health of the environment. As the main hazards threatening the worldwide coastal areas are caused by tropical or extra-tropical storms, storm surge understanding and prediction is of paramount importance to mitigate the hydraulic risk and to assess the effectiveness of sea defence measures, ranging from hard structures to nature-based solutions. Reliable storm surge prediction models can not only save lives and properties, but can also be used to hindcast past events with the aim to improve the hydrodynamic and morphodynamic coastal model capabilities, and to support adaption strategies and policies. Moreover, the actual investigation of coastal retreat triggered by extreme storms has been supported by new findings and technologies in field measurements and erosion process modeling.

The purpose of this invited Special Issue is to publish the most exciting research concerning the state-of-the-art in our understanding and modeling coastal hazards due to storm surge, flooding, and erosion processes, as well as their impact throughout the coastal areas. Contributions are encouraged in topics including the following:

Coastal models development and validation;

Tropical and extra-tropical storm surge modeling;

Statistical sea hazard forecasting;

Erosion process and sediment budget modeling;

Surrogate modeling;

Coupled hydrologic and hydrodynamic models;

Simplified methods for the hydraulic risk evaluation;

Storm surge, waves and extreme water levels forecast challenges;

Novel design criteria for sea defences;

Nature-based solutions;

Structural and non-structural measures for sea hazard reduction;

Effects of climate change on coastal environments.

Prof. Dr. Riccardo Mel
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

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Keywords

  • Storm surge
  • Tropical cyclones
  • Hurricanes
  • Flood risk
  • Waves
  • Coastal flooding
  • Erosion process
  • Sea defences
  • Coastal resiliency
  • Mathematical modeling
  • Computational efficiency
  • Coastal hazard mitigation
  • Nature-based solutions
  • Sea level rise
  • Climate change

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

15 pages, 11487 KiB  
Article
Storm Surge Inundation Analysis with Consideration of Building Shape and Layout at Ise Bay by Maximum Potential Typhoon
by Masaki Nimura, Shuzo Nishida, Koji Kawasaki, Tomokazu Murakami and Shinya Shimokawa
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(12), 1024; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8121024 - 15 Dec 2020
Viewed by 2120
Abstract
Global warming is feared to cause sea-level rise and intensification of typhoons, and these changes will lead to an increase in storm surge levels. For that reason, it is essential to predict the inundation areas for the maximum potential typhoon and evaluate the [...] Read more.
Global warming is feared to cause sea-level rise and intensification of typhoons, and these changes will lead to an increase in storm surge levels. For that reason, it is essential to predict the inundation areas for the maximum potential typhoon and evaluate the disaster mitigation effect of seawalls. In this study, we analyzed storm surge inundation of the inner part of Ise Bay (coast of Aichi and Mie Prefecture, Japan) due to the maximum potential typhoon in the future climate with global warming. In the analysis, a high-resolution topographical model was constructed considering buildings’ shape and arrangement and investigated the inundation process inside the seawall in detail. The results showed that buildings strongly influence the storm surge inundation process inside the seawall, and a high-velocity current is generated in some areas. It is also found that closing the seawall door delays the inundation inside the seawall, but the evacuation after inundation is more difficult under the seawall doors closed condition than opened condition when the high tide level exceeds the seawall. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Storm Surge Hazards Evaluation and Prediction)
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