Special Issue "New Inventions in Vehicular Guidance and Control"

A special issue of Inventions (ISSN 2411-5134). This special issue belongs to the section "Inventions and Innovation in Electrical Engineering/Energy/Communications".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2017)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Chun-Liang Lin

Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan
Website | E-Mail
Interests: automatic control; mechatronics; biomedical engineering

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the 1990s, there were only 52 million vehicles produced worldwide. By 2015, over 90 million have been produced because of strengthening economies and the increase in individuals’ desire for personal mobility throughout the world. Modern automobiles are at least 10 times cleaner and twice as fuel efficient as the vehicles produced in the 1970s. These advancements were mostly due to advanced control systems used. Present vehicles are safer, more comfortable, and have better manuverability. It is expected that next generation vehicles will be more autonomous, with even better performance in every aspect, all enabled by modern guidance and control systems and design techniques.

From a methodological perspective, we are interested in works that go beyond traditional approaches, encapsulating, but not limited to, the following topics:

  • New inventions related to vehicle safety
  • New inventions toward the improvement of vehicle handling
  • New inventions toward renewable energy in electric vehicles
  • New inventions for the realization of autonomous vehicles
  • New inventions for the control of hybrid vehicles

Prof. Dr. Chun-Liang Lin
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Inventions is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

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Keywords

  • vehicle handling
  • safety
  • control
  • guidance
  • renewable energy

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
A New Control Strategy for an Electronic Differential System for Urban Electric Vehicles
Received: 11 December 2017 / Revised: 14 March 2018 / Accepted: 16 March 2018 / Published: 19 March 2018
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Abstract
This paper presents a control strategy that is applied in turning control for decentralized electric vehicles known as the electronic differential system. The conventional mechanical differential has drawbacks, such as bulkiness and slow response. The electric system response is not only ten times [...] Read more.
This paper presents a control strategy that is applied in turning control for decentralized electric vehicles known as the electronic differential system. The conventional mechanical differential has drawbacks, such as bulkiness and slow response. The electric system response is not only ten times faster than its mechanical counterpart, but its accurate control even reduces the loss of power from the motor to the wheel. Through the turning radius from the steering angle command that the driver gives, the controller can distribute torque to each wheel. After controlling each wheel’s rotation, the vehicle can turn in neutral steering. The results show that this strategy can be effectively employed on urban roads. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Inventions in Vehicular Guidance and Control)
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Open AccessArticle
Navigation of an Autonomous Wheeled Robot in Unknown Environments Based on Evolutionary Fuzzy Control
Received: 21 November 2017 / Revised: 1 January 2018 / Accepted: 2 January 2018 / Published: 5 January 2018
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (5890 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Navigation of a wheeled robot in unknown environments is proposed in this paper. The approach may be applied to navigating an autonomous vehicle in unknown environments, such as parking lots. The navigation consists of three parts: obstacle avoidance behavior, target seeking behavior, and [...] Read more.
Navigation of a wheeled robot in unknown environments is proposed in this paper. The approach may be applied to navigating an autonomous vehicle in unknown environments, such as parking lots. The navigation consists of three parts: obstacle avoidance behavior, target seeking behavior, and a behavior supervisor. The obstacle avoidance behavior is achieved by controlling the robot to move along an obstacle boundary through evolutionary fuzzy control. In the evolutionary fuzzy control approach, a Pareto set of fuzzy controllers (FCs) is found though a multi-objective continuous ant colony optimization algorithm. Target seeking behavior is achieved by controlling the robot through hybrid proportional–integral–derivative (PID) controllers. The behavior supervisor determines the switching between obstacle avoidance and target seeking behaviors, where the dead-cycle problem is considered. Simulations and experiments were performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed navigation scheme. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Inventions in Vehicular Guidance and Control)
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Open AccessArticle
Request-Centric Wireless Bus Information Management System
Received: 14 September 2016 / Revised: 31 October 2016 / Accepted: 31 October 2016 / Published: 9 November 2016
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (9165 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This invention relates to a wireless bus information management system, which includes bus stop and vehicle management subsystems. The management signals are transmittable between bus stops and the vehicle. Based on vehicle management signals, the bus stop management subsystem can obtain information about [...] Read more.
This invention relates to a wireless bus information management system, which includes bus stop and vehicle management subsystems. The management signals are transmittable between bus stops and the vehicle. Based on vehicle management signals, the bus stop management subsystem can obtain information about the bus route identification, the number of unoccupied seats, the intention to stop or not, etc. Similarly, with the bus stop management signals, the vehicle management subsystem can make the decision of stopping. Accordingly, when a passenger wants to get off the vehicle or there are unoccupied seats, the vehicle management subsystem will inform the bus stop management subsystem such that the passengers waiting at the bus stop may flexibly schedule their travel plan. The proposed distributed wireless system is detailed by a prototype implementation and a simulation analysis, which is shown to be feasible and scalable. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Inventions in Vehicular Guidance and Control)
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Open AccessArticle
Development of an Eco-Cruise Control System Based on Digital Topographical Data
Received: 22 July 2016 / Revised: 1 September 2016 / Accepted: 5 September 2016 / Published: 12 September 2016
Cited by 3 | PDF Full-text (1956 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Rapid growth in economies and a sharp increase in the present quantity of vehicles have contributed to congested cities, traffic accidents, energy crises and air pollution, which not only cause serious economic damage but also affect human life and safety. According to the [...] Read more.
Rapid growth in economies and a sharp increase in the present quantity of vehicles have contributed to congested cities, traffic accidents, energy crises and air pollution, which not only cause serious economic damage but also affect human life and safety. According to the Kyoto Protocol international standards and consensus, the trend in the automotive industry is to develop more ecological vehicles in order to reduce fuel consumption and air pollution. Recently, a number of modern premium cars have been equipped with advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), especially an adaptive cruise control (ACC) system, which was found to be one of the most widely and successful ADAS systems to date. However, the road topography on highways affects fuel consumption of vehicles. Rapid acceleration, rapid deceleration, and unreasonable gear use can all result in increasing fuel consumption. Therefore, an eco-cruise control (ECC) system on roads with up-down slopes is critical for improving vehicle fuel economy in coordination with the Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS). This proposed approach combines the road elevation profile of digital road maps with nonlinear optimal predictive control (NOPC) algorithms to handle the vehicle velocity control; it is aimed at providing the most economical speed according to road grade. The developed algorithms not only provide ecological driving guidance for the driver, but also contribute to driving safety. Finally, extensive simulations demonstrate that the proposed controller can significantly reduce fuel consumption of a vehicle while ensuring driving comfort and safety. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Inventions in Vehicular Guidance and Control)
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Open AccessArticle
Lane Detection via Object Positioning Systems Based on CCD Array Geometry
Received: 28 July 2016 / Accepted: 18 August 2016 / Published: 26 August 2016
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (2475 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
This paper presents an approach to lane detection for a vehicle. The positions of the lane marks can be evaluated by visual information of the image captured from a single charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. This proposed approach originally utilizes the properties of the [...] Read more.
This paper presents an approach to lane detection for a vehicle. The positions of the lane marks can be evaluated by visual information of the image captured from a single charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. This proposed approach originally utilizes the properties of the CCD array in a camera to achieve the aim of objects positioning, since one pixel information produces two equations and increases one unknown variable. After camera calibration, this approach can therefore evaluate the intrinsic parameters of a camera from more pixel information. The configuration of the CCD chip cells is the key factor in this approach. The pixels of a resulting image directly reflect the geometry of the CCD cell, or the CCD array, in the camera. According to the attitude of the camera, this paper constructs the coordinate transformation that can resolve the geometrical relations between the film coordinate (the CCD array) and a fixed coordinate. This paper also provides associated techniques to facilitate the proposed approach, including image geometry analysis, distribution analysis of the CCD array, least mean square error (LMS) algorithm, etc. A down scaled experiment for lane detection is used to verify the feasibility of the proposed approach. The results show that the proposed approach is able to achieve object positioning. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Inventions in Vehicular Guidance and Control)
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