Topical Collection "Urban Land Use Planning and Evaluation of Environmental Carrying Capacity"
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Department of Urban Planning, School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Interests: urban and rural planning; land use; land development rights; public health etc.
Department of Urban Planning & Design, College of Landscape Architecture, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Interests: urban ecological environment; urban health; urban disaster prevention; big data and GIS
Topical Collection Information
A Topical Collection on “Urban Land Use Planning and Evaluation of Environmental Carrying Capacity”, in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, is being organized. For detailed information on the journal, I refer you to https://www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph.
Environmental carrying capacity (ECC) is considered as a significant yardstick for guiding the progress towards sustainable regional and urban development, and it helps measure the interaction between human activities and environmental systems. Urban land-use planning plays a significant role in ECC through shaping human–land relationships, and exerts positive or negative impacts on ECC. Planners have long been searching for various methods and strategies to improve ECC by providing guidance for government intervention, human behavior, and market investment through land-use planning and management. Understanding the impacts of land-use planning on ECC is beneficial for contributing new theoretical and methodological insights into addressing environmental issues while we are facing a more and more complex regional and urban system. Meanwhile, policy tools of improving ECC can be designed for sustainable regional and urban development.
This Topical Collection is open to the subject area of land-use planning and environment performance. The keywords listed below provide an outline of some of the possible areas of interest.
Prof. Dr. Li Tian
Dr. Chenjing Fan
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- environmental carrying capacity
- land use planning
- land use management
- human-land relationships
- environment performance
- urban and regional system
Published Papers (4 papers)
The Allocation Change of Rural Land Consolidation Type Structure under the Influence Factors of Different Geographical and Economic Development of China
Viewed by 426
Land consolidation structure reflects land consolidation function, and studies about its spatio-temporal change and driving mechanism can serve for regional management and control land consolidation. At present, the analysis of regional differences, time changes, and driving factors of land consolidation type structure change
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Land consolidation structure reflects land consolidation function, and studies about its spatio-temporal change and driving mechanism can serve for regional management and control land consolidation. At present, the analysis of regional differences, time changes, and driving factors of land consolidation type structure change is relatively lacking. Based on the data of provincial acceptance projects from 2000 to 2014, this paper analyzes the spatio-temporal change of rural land consolidation type structure in China, discusses the impact of relevant policies, and identifies the socio-economic driving factors in key regions by employing correlation analysis and the PLSR (partial least squares regression) method. The results showed that from 2000 to 2014, the proportional increase of land arrangement in China was significantly correlated with the proportional decrease of land reclamation (R2
= 0.93), and the proportional decrease of land development (R2
= 0.99) showed an obvious co-evolution pattern of increase and decrease; TILC
(The area of land development/The area of land arrangement) decreased from 2.14 to 0.91 in 2002–2003. Since 2003, the dominant type of land consolidation in China has gradually changed from land development to land arrangement. However, the proportion of land development in QT (Qinghai-Tibet), JY (Jin-Yu), and FGH (Fujian-Guangdong-Hainan) areas is still more than 40%; the change of land consolidation type structure was influenced by policies, social and economic factors, such as urbanization rate, fixed assets investment, industrial proportion, and population density, and the regional difference was significant: the eastern section (JZS, Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Shanghai) is the industry proportion, the central area (HHAJ, Hunan-Hubei-Anhui-Jiangxi) is grain production and fixed assets investment, the western region (NW, Northwest China) has the urbanization rate, grain production, population density, and fixed assets investment. Land consolidation structure should be configured differentially in each region based on the identification of regional function orientation and comprehensive consideration of regional resource endowment and development needs and directions to improve the efficiency of land consolidation.
Land-Use Planning Serves as a Critical Tool for Improving Resources and Environmental Carrying Capacity: A Review of Evaluation Methods and Application
Viewed by 669
Research on resources and environmental carrying capacity (RECC) has been expanding since the early 20th century, and RECC has become a global concern and criterion for measuring regional sustainable development. Land-use planning (LUP) serves as a key tool of socioeconomic–ecological coordinated development and
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Research on resources and environmental carrying capacity (RECC) has been expanding since the early 20th century, and RECC has become a global concern and criterion for measuring regional sustainable development. Land-use planning (LUP) serves as a key tool of socioeconomic–ecological coordinated development and is deeply associated with RECC. In China, the newly established spatial planning system of 2019 identifies RECC assessment as the basis for spatial planning. However, after systematically reviewing the research history, conceptual evolution, and evaluation methods of RECC, we found that the existing approach of RECC has not addressed the impacts of stakeholders’ behavior on RECC, in other words, the governance perspective has not been sufficiently discussed. Further, research on the interaction between RECC and LUP has been far from sufficient, hampering our deep understanding of the roles of LUP in improving RECC. In order to fill this gap, a new framework is proposed to explain the formation mechanism of RECC combining the governance considerations based on the social–ecological system (SES) framework, which has made contributions to enrich the research perspective of RECC and its theoretical and methods system. In addition, the interaction path between RECC and LUP is constructed according to the new RECC framework and a policy toolbox for improving RECC, which will provide a comprehensive and systematic practical application path for improving RECC and promoting regional socioeconomic–ecological coordinated sustainable development. The conclusion part discusses the future research topics and limitations for RECC and LUP.
Analysis of the Spatiotemporal Evolution of the Net Carbon Sink Efficiency and Its Influencing Factors at the City Level in Three Major Urban Agglomerations in China
Viewed by 541
The implementation of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality is an essential measure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and actively respond to climate change. The net carbon sink efficiency (NCSE), as an effective tool to measure the carbon budget capacity, is important in guiding
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The implementation of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality is an essential measure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and actively respond to climate change. The net carbon sink efficiency (NCSE), as an effective tool to measure the carbon budget capacity, is important in guiding the carbon emission reduction among cities and the maintenance of sustainable economic development. In this paper, NCSE values are used as a measure of the carbon budget capacity to measure the spatiotemporal evolution of the carbon neutral capacity of three major urban agglomerations (UAs) in China during 2007–2019. The clustering characteristics of the NCSE of these three major UAs, and various influencing factors such as carbon emissions, are analyzed using a spatiotemporal cube model and spatial and temporal series clustering. The results reveal the following. (1) From the overall perspective, the carbon emissions of the three major UAs mostly exhibited a fluctuating increasing trend and a general deficit during the study period. Moreover, the carbon sequestration showed a slightly decreasing trend, but not much fluctuation in general. (2) From the perspective of UAs, the cities in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei UA are dominated by low–low clustering in space and time; this clustering pattern is mainly concentrated in Beijing, Xingtai, Handan, and Langfang. The NCSE values in the Yangtze River Delta UA centered on Shanghai, Nanjing, and the surrounding cities exhibited high–high clustering in 2019, while Changzhou, Ningbo, and the surrounding cities exhibited low–high clustering. The NCSE values of the remaining cities in the Pearl River Delta UA, namely Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Zhuhai, exhibited multi-cluster patterns that were not spatially and temporally significant, and the spatiotemporal clusters were found to be scattered. (3) In terms of the influencing factors, the NCSE of the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei UA was found to be significantly influenced by the industrial structure and GDP per capita, that of the Yangtze River Delta UA was found to be significantly influenced by the industrial structure, and that of the Pearl River Delta UA was found to be significantly influenced by the population density and technology level. These findings can provide a reference and suggestions for the governments of different UAs to formulate differentiated carbon-neutral policies.
The Response of Ecologically Functional Land to Changes in Urban Economic Growth and Transportation Construction in China
Viewed by 587
Understanding the impact of urban economic growth on ecologically functional land (EFL) change and the relevant mechanisms is necessary for adaptive ecological management and regional policy. The present study aims to explore the relationship between EFL change, urban economic growth and transportation construction
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Understanding the impact of urban economic growth on ecologically functional land (EFL) change and the relevant mechanisms is necessary for adaptive ecological management and regional policy. The present study aims to explore the relationship between EFL change, urban economic growth and transportation construction based on reliable land survey data from 2000 and 2015, as well as natural and socio-economic data for over 2600 counties in China. We use the Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS) technique to empirically analyze the temporal changes in their relationships and alleviate endogenous bias and use the Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) model to explore the spatial heterogeneity across the country. The results indicate that the secondary and tertiary industries’ development had a significantly negative effect on EFL changes, and transportation construction is a major driver of urban economic growth in China, especially in the central region. From 2000 to 2015, the negative impact of urban economic growth on EFL changes decreased, and the contribution of transportation construction to urban economic growth increased. The regions (such as the central region) where transportation construction contributes more to the secondary and tertiary industries had a proportionally greater reduction in EFL. It appears that excessive dependence on transportation to drive the development of secondary and tertiary industries is the underlying reason for EFL reduction. The findings of this study can assist in formulating regional policies and advancing the coordination of urban economic development and ecosystem protection.