Climatic Variability and Extreme Events in Urban-Natural Spaces

A special issue of Climate (ISSN 2225-1154).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2024) | Viewed by 3029

Special Issue Editors


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Meteoceanics Institute for Complex System Science, Washington, DC 20004, USA
Interests: physics of complex systems; information theory; nonlinear statistical physics; nonlinear dynamics; nonlinear statistics; fluid dynamical systems; climate dynamics; earth system dynamics; nonlinear geophysics; atmospheric physics
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Professor of the Department of Geography, University of São Paulo (USP), Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 338, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo 05508-900, SP, Brazil
Interests: climate variability; extreme events; air temperature; rainfall

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Associated Professor, Department of Geosciences, Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), Cidade Universitária - Avenida Roraima, n° 1000, Prédio 17, Sala 1018, Camobi, Santa Maria 97105900, RS, Brazil
Interests: climatology; urban climate; urban heat island; natural protected areas; human thermal comfort; watersheds; extreme events

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Department of Geoscience, Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Rua José Lourenço Kelmer, s/n Campus Universitário - Bloco B, 4º andar, sala 02 (B-IV-02), Juiz de Fora 36036900, MG, Brazil
Interests: climate change; climate variability; extreme events; reservoir microclimate; statistical tests

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Department of Geography, Federal University of Rondônia (UNIR), R. Surubim, 4714 – Lagoa, Porto Velho 76812-020, RO, Brazil
Interests: bioclimatology; thermal comfort; urban climate; air pollution

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue was inspired by the need to group experts on climate variability and extreme events in a special volume. Global climate change is a reality, and severe rainfall and maximum air temperature occurrences have become more common in recent decades. Topics such as heat and cold waves, severe rainfall events, urban heat islands, floods, human thermal discomfort, and their geographical and temporal variability are among the most pressing modern societal concerns. Combining this issue with the manner in which population growth has occurred, most notably in urban expansion and pressure on rural and natural areas, the resulting climate changes, which are sensitive to society, can be verified by employing scientific analytical techniques and processes, such as computer modeling, field measurements, and institutional practices, to minimize these impacts and strengthen the useful database for integrated planning.

Prof. Dr. Rui A. P. Perdigão
Dr. Emerson Galvani
Dr. Cassio Arthur Wollmann
Dr. Fabio de Oliveira Sanches
Dr. João Paulo Assis Gobo
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • climate variability
  • air temperature
  • rainfall
  • extreme events
  • hazards
  • climatology
  • urban climate
  • urban heat island
  • natural protected areas
  • human thermal comfort
  • watersheds
  • adaption and mitigation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

21 pages, 12170 KiB  
Article
Wind Characteristics and Temporal Trends in Eastern Paraná State, Brazil
by Paulo Miguel de Bodas Terassi, Washington Luiz Félix Correia Filho, Emerson Galvani, Antonio Carlos da Silva Oscar-Júnior, Bruno Serafini Sobral, Givanildo de Gois, Vitor Hugo Rosa Biffi and José Francisco de Oliveira Júnior
Climate 2023, 11(3), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli11030069 - 15 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2369
Abstract
The wind is one of the most important and studied variables globally, essential to several sectors, for example, energy. Therefore, this study assesses the wind regime and analysis trends in three locations within the Paraná state, Brazil. The historical series were recorded between [...] Read more.
The wind is one of the most important and studied variables globally, essential to several sectors, for example, energy. Therefore, this study assesses the wind regime and analysis trends in three locations within the Paraná state, Brazil. The historical series were recorded between 1976 and 2010 at conventional meteorological stations belonging to the Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. WRPLOT version 8.0.0 software was used for elaborating wind roses and histograms in the annual and seasonal scales. Detection of trends and temporal rupture points was performed using different statistical methods (Run, Mann–Kendall, Pettitt and Shapiro–Wilk tests) for all meteorological stations. All statistical tests were conducted using the R software version 3.3.2. On a seasonal scale, summer and spring present the highest wind speeds in the Curitiba and Paranaguá stations due to meteorological systems on different scales, such as the South Atlantic subtropical anticyclone and frontal systems. The Mann–Kendall test revealed that Castro presented statistical significance in reducing wind speed, with a decrease of 0.23 m/s per decade for the annual scale and 0.23 m/s per decade during the autumn season. These ruptures indicated a decrease in wind speed in Curitiba and Paranaguá for the spring season. The Pettitt test revealed a break point detection in the data series in Curitiba station, likely due to urban expansion that started in the 1980s, reducing wind speed, especially in winter and spring. These trends and ruptures revealed a significant reduction in wind speed, possibly due to the interaction between natural climate changes and the increase in surface roughness resulting from land use and urbanization changes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climatic Variability and Extreme Events in Urban-Natural Spaces)
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