Special Issue "Theoretical Investigations of Reaction Mechanisms 2022"

A special issue of Chemistry (ISSN 2624-8549). This special issue belongs to the section "Theoretical Chemistry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2022 | Viewed by 1417

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Maxim L. Kuznetsov
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Centro de Química Estrutural, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
Interests: computational chemistry; coordination chemistry; molecular catalysis; oxidation of hydrocarbons; activation of small molecules; reaction mechanism; chemical bond nature; cycloaddition; nitriles
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Molecular design, optimization of reaction conditions, and the planning of a chemical synthesis cannot be achieved without knowledge of reaction mechanisms and driving forces of chemical processes. Computational methods of quantum chemistry represent a powerful tool for the understanding of the reaction mechanisms and key factors governing chemical reactions. Such methods are indispensable for the interpretation and analysis of experimental results and provide invaluable information, complementary to the experimental data, about molecular systems and processes. Computational methods are extremely valuable for mechanistic studies of reactions proceeding via formation of short-lived intermediates that cannot be detected experimentally, being the only possibility to obtain information about intimate details of the chemical processes when experimental methods cannot help in the understanding of the reaction mechanisms. This is a second edition of the Special Issue on this topic. Previously unpublished manuscripts that report mechanistic studies of any organic, inorganic or organometallic reactions with help of computational methods or deal with understanding of the key factors and driving forces governing chemical processes are welcome for this Special Issue.

Dr. Maxim L. Kuznetsov
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • reaction mechanism
  • computational chemistry
  • density functional theory
  • ab initio
  • quantum chemical calculations
  • reactivity
  • molecular design
  • activation

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Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
Conformational Preference of Flavonols and Its Effect on the Chemical Properties Involved in Radical Scavenging Activity
Chemistry 2022, 4(4), 1123-1135; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemistry4040076 - 22 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Flavonols are compounds with radical-scavenging activities that can prevent the harmful effects of free radicals. Their radical-scavenging activity has attracted significant attention. Recently, quantum chemistry-based methodologies have significantly improved the understanding of the activity due to dramatic increases in computational power and software [...] Read more.
Flavonols are compounds with radical-scavenging activities that can prevent the harmful effects of free radicals. Their radical-scavenging activity has attracted significant attention. Recently, quantum chemistry-based methodologies have significantly improved the understanding of the activity due to dramatic increases in computational power and software improvements. A standardized analysis method for estimating radical scavenging activity, the quantum mechanics-based test for overall free radical scavenging activity (QM-ORSA), has been proposed. An obstacle in applying the QM-ORSA protocol to flavonols is the large number of conformers and hydroxy groups for analysis. In this study, we focused on it and analyzed the conformational dependences of three flavonols (myricetin, quercetin, and kaempferol) on their chemical properties: bond dissociation energy, pKa, and ionization energy. As a result, all chemical properties were insensitive to conformational differences. The conformational search should be performed separately for each in the gas phase and in aqueous solution because of the differences in the major conformer (relative population of each conformer). These results suggest that it is important to perform the conformational search separately in water and in the gas phase and to determine one representative structure for analyzing radical scavenging activity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Theoretical Investigations of Reaction Mechanisms 2022)
Article
Novel Quinazolinone–Isoxazoline Hybrids: Synthesis, Spectroscopic Characterization, and DFT Mechanistic Study
Chemistry 2022, 4(3), 969-982; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemistry4030066 - 30 Aug 2022
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Abstract
Quinazolinone and isoxazoline systems have attracted much attention due to their interesting pharmacological properties. The association of these two pharmacophores in a single hybrid structure can boost the biological activity or bring a new one. Inspired by this new paradigm, in the present [...] Read more.
Quinazolinone and isoxazoline systems have attracted much attention due to their interesting pharmacological properties. The association of these two pharmacophores in a single hybrid structure can boost the biological activity or bring a new one. Inspired by this new paradigm, in the present work we report the synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of new quinazolinone–isoxazoline hybrids. The target compounds were obtained via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions of arylnitriloxides and N-allylquinazolinone. The synthesized compounds were characterized using spectroscopic techniques such as IR, 1D NMR (1H and 13C), 2D NMR (COSY and HSQC), and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). The spectral data show that this reaction leads only to the 3,5-disubstituted isoxazoline regioisomer, and that the observed regiochemistry is not affected by the nature of the substituents in the phenyl ring of the dipole. In addition, a theoretical study was performed using density functional theory (DFT) to support the experimental results in regard to the regiochemistry of the studied reactions. The computational mechanistic study was in good agreement with the experimental data. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Theoretical Investigations of Reaction Mechanisms 2022)
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Article
Structures and Bonding in Hexacarbonyl Diiron Polyenes: Cycloheptatriene and 1,3,5-Cyclooctatriene
Chemistry 2022, 4(2), 447-453; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemistry4020033 - 15 May 2022
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Abstract
Structural preferences of (1,3,5-cyclooctatriene) hexacarbonyl diiron [(C8H10)Fe2(CO)6] and cycloheptatriene hexacarbonyl diiron [(C7H8)Fe2(CO)6] were explored using density functional theory (DFT) computations. DFT computations together with experimental results demonstrated [...] Read more.
Structural preferences of (1,3,5-cyclooctatriene) hexacarbonyl diiron [(C8H10)Fe2(CO)6] and cycloheptatriene hexacarbonyl diiron [(C7H8)Fe2(CO)6] were explored using density functional theory (DFT) computations. DFT computations together with experimental results demonstrated that structure with the [η3, (η1, η2)] mode is the preferred structure in (C8H10)Fe2(CO)6, and the [η33] mode is preferred in (C7H8)Fe2(CO)6. For (C8H10)Fe2(CO)6, the conversion between the structures with [η3, (η1, η2)] mode and the [η3, η3] mode is prevented by the relatively high activation barrier. (C8H10)Fe2(CO)6 is indicated as a fluxional molecule with a Gibbs free energy of activation of 8.5 kcal/mol for its ring flicking process, and an excellent linear correlation (R2 = 0.9909) for the DFT simulated 1H-NMR spectra was obtained. Results provided here will develop the understanding on the structures of other polyene analogs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Theoretical Investigations of Reaction Mechanisms 2022)
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