Special Issue "Solid State Hydrogen Generation and Storage"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2019).

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Robert A. Varin
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
Tel. 519-888-4567
Interests: nanostructured and amorphous materials for solid state hydrogen storage; nanostructure superconductors
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Hydrogen is a potential, principal energy carrier, which could, in the near future, lead to the implementation of a world-wide, clean, Hydrogen Economy, in which an efficient usage of fuel cells where hydrogen gas (H2) in contact with oxygen (O2) is converted into an electrical energy, would become a widespread reality. Engineering systems that are based on solid hydrides, for supplying hydrogen to fuel cells in the future Hydrogen Economy, are the most attractive long-term solution. There is a great challenge for solid state hydrogen storage in the automotive sector as it requires high hydrogen capacity (>11wt.%) hydride systems, capable of dehydrogenation at low temperatures (<100 &deg;C) under 1 bar H2 pressure, as well as &ldquo;on-board&rdquo; reversibility. Thus far, a hydride system suitable for an automotive hydrogen storage has not been found yet. However, there are a number of other potential applications of solid hydrides for hydrogen generation/storage systems, such as portable electronic devices, stationary auxiliary power, off-road vehicles and others which may not require &ldquo;on-board&rdquo; reversibility. Recently, substantial research efforts have also been devoted to newly developing areas on application of metal and complex hydrides for Li-ion batteries and electrochemical storage.

I cordially invite you to submit manuscripts on all the above and related topics for this Special Issue, "Solid State Hydrogen Generation and Storage&rdquo;.

Prof. Dr. Robert A. Varin
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • materials for solid state hydrogen generation and/or storage

  • metal hydrides

  • complex hydrides

  • nanocomposite hydride systems

  • hydride ionic conductors

  • hydrides for lithium-ion batteries (solid electrolytes and electrodes)

  • electrochemical hydrogen storage

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Replacement of Vanadium by Ferrovanadium in a Ti-Based Body Centred Cubic (BCC) Alloy: Towards a Low-Cost Hydrogen Storage Material
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(7), 1151; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8071151 - 15 Jul 2018
Cited by 1
Abstract
We report here the effect on hydrogen sorption behavior of replacing vanadium by ferrovanadium (FeV) in Ti-V-Cr Body Centred Cubic (BCC) solid solution alloys. The compositions studied were Ti1.56V0.36Cr1.08 and Ti1.26V0.63Cr1.11. Both [...] Read more.
We report here the effect on hydrogen sorption behavior of replacing vanadium by ferrovanadium (FeV) in Ti-V-Cr Body Centred Cubic (BCC) solid solution alloys. The compositions studied were Ti1.56V0.36Cr1.08 and Ti1.26V0.63Cr1.11. Both of the alloys were synthesized by melting with 4 wt % of Zr7Ni10 in order to enhance the first hydrogenation (i.e., activation) kinetics. The ferrovanadium substitution leads to the same microstructure as the vanadium pristine alloys and no significant change in the lattice parameters was found. However, a longer incubation time was observed in the activation process for the FeV substituted alloy. Finally, the replacement of vanadium by ferrovanadium did not have a noticeable impact on the hydrogen capacities, heat of formation, and entropy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solid State Hydrogen Generation and Storage)
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