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Article

Spatial Distribution Characteristics and Influencing Factors of the World Architectural Heritage

by 1, 2,*, 2 and 2
1
School of Architecture, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2
Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Mons, 7000 Mons, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Éva Lovra
Heritage 2021, 4(4), 2942-2959; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage4040164
Received: 31 August 2021 / Revised: 27 September 2021 / Accepted: 28 September 2021 / Published: 30 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heritage Patterns—Representative Models)
This research focusing on the world architectural heritage sites registered in the World Heritage List established by UNESCO aimed to analyze its spatial distribution characteristics and influencing factors at the world and regional level to provide a scientific basis for further architectural heritage conservation. Firstly, this study explored the spatial distribution characteristics of the world architectural heritage sites using the ArcGIS spatial analysis method. Then, we used the space–time statistical method to analyze their spatial and temporal distribution characteristics. The main findings are as follows: (1) world architectural heritage sites are distributed in clusters with imbalanced patterns and a strong degree of concentration: in Western Europe, Eastern Asia, and Northwestern Latin America, with clear country distribution, especially in Italy, China, and Mexico; (2) the time of construction can be divided into four stages: the ancient historic sites stage, the uniform and stable stage, the stage of growth in Asia and Europe, and the stage of growth in Europe, America, and Africa; (3) different types of heritage sites are unevenly distributed, and the type distribution differs significantly between regions, with regional uniqueness. The authors also analyzed the influencing factors of the spatial distribution characteristics and highlighted the important influence of the geographical environment, historical evolution, economic strength and discourse power, international heritage protection situation, and registration policy. This study may provide basis for specific guidance and directions for heritage protection for various countries and regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: architectural heritage; spatial distribution characteristics; spatial layout; spatial structure; influencing factors; UNESCO heritage; heritage protection architectural heritage; spatial distribution characteristics; spatial layout; spatial structure; influencing factors; UNESCO heritage; heritage protection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Zhang, J.; Cenci, J.; Becue, V. Spatial Distribution Characteristics and Influencing Factors of the World Architectural Heritage. Heritage 2021, 4, 2942-2959. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage4040164

AMA Style

Wang X, Zhang J, Cenci J, Becue V. Spatial Distribution Characteristics and Influencing Factors of the World Architectural Heritage. Heritage. 2021; 4(4):2942-2959. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage4040164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Xuefei, Jiazhen Zhang, Jeremy Cenci, and Vincent Becue. 2021. "Spatial Distribution Characteristics and Influencing Factors of the World Architectural Heritage" Heritage 4, no. 4: 2942-2959. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage4040164

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