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Quaternary 2018, 1(2), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/quat1020011

Mammoths, Deer, and a Dog: Fossil and (Sub) Recent Allochthonous Remains from the Northeastern Croatia (Podravina Region), with the First Radiocarbon Dating of the Croatian Woolly Mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius)

1
Institute for Quaternary Paleontology and Geology, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ante Kovačića 5/II, Zagreb HR–10000, Croatia
2
Division of Experimental Physics, Laboratory for Low-level Radioactivities, Ruđer Bošković Institute, P.p. 180, Bijenička 54, Zagreb HR–10002, Croatia
3
Clinic for surgery, orthopaedics and ophthalmology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Heinzelova ulica 55, Zagreb HR–10000, Croatia
4
Department of Geology, Division of Mineralogy and Petrology, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Horvatovac 95, Zagreb HR–10000, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Rita Palombo
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 22 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
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Abstract

Eight anatomically and taxonomically different finds are presented in this paper, and they belong to four taxa: woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), giant deer (Megaloceros giganteus), red deer (Cervus elaphus), and dog (Canis familiaris). All specimens represent allochthonous Late Pleistocene and Holocene animal remains, and all were dredged during the gravel exploitation at the Sekuline site near Molve (Podravina region, SW Pannonian basin, NE Croatia). Mammoth remains (bone and tusk fragments) were radiocarbon dated, and these are the first absolute dates on mammoths in Croatia. One upper last left deciduous premolar (dP4 sin.) also belongs to the same species. Ascribed to a dog is one well-preserved skull with a peculiar abscess scar on the maxillary bone as the result of an inflammatory process on the carnassial (P4) premolar. The Late Pleistocene cervid remains are giant deer, while the other cervid finds were determined to be red deer of the Holocene age. Morphometrical and taphonomical data are presented for each specimen. Such fossil and recent bone/tooth aggregates are characteristic of fluvial deposits and selective collecting. Although lacking stratigraphic provenance, these finds help to fulfil the gaps in palaeoenvironmental, palaeoecological, and palaeoclimate reconstructions of Podravina and its neighbouring areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: allochthonous finds; woolly mammoth dating; cervids; dog; morphometrics; Late Pleistocene; Holocene; Drava river; Croatia allochthonous finds; woolly mammoth dating; cervids; dog; morphometrics; Late Pleistocene; Holocene; Drava river; Croatia
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Mauch Lenardić, J.; Radović, S.; Oros Sršen, A.; Horvatinčić, N.; Kostešić, P.; Bermanec, V. Mammoths, Deer, and a Dog: Fossil and (Sub) Recent Allochthonous Remains from the Northeastern Croatia (Podravina Region), with the First Radiocarbon Dating of the Croatian Woolly Mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius). Quaternary 2018, 1, 11.

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