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A Villafranchian Hipparion-Bearing Mammal Fauna from Sésklo (E. Thessaly, Greece): Implications for the Question of Hipparion–Equus Sympatry in Europe

1
Ephorate of Palaeoanthropology–Speleology, Ministry of Culture, Ardittou 34B, 11636 Athens, Greece
2
Museum of Palaeontology and Geology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15784 Athens, Greece
Academic Editors: Maria Rita Palombo and Juan Manuel López García
Quaternary 2018, 1(2), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/quat1020012
Received: 31 May 2018 / Revised: 31 July 2018 / Accepted: 2 August 2018 / Published: 7 August 2018
Recently collected fossil material in the Villafranchian locality of Sésklo, as well as a re-evaluation of a pre-existing, partly-published museum collection, allow the recognition of a lower faunal level in the locality, older than the main Equus-dominated fossil assemblage, dated in the Early Pleistocene (MNQ17). The lower level yielded, instead, an advanced hipparion, referred to the species Plesiohipparion cf. shanxiense, and a small number of associated taxa: an ostrich (Struthio cf. chersonensis), an unidentified proboscidean, the pig Sus arvernensis, two antelopes (Gazella cf. bouvrainae and Gazellospira torticornis), a large bovid (Bovini indet.), and a rhinoceros (Stephanorhinus sp.). The lower-level fauna is dated in the latest Pliocene (MN16) and indicates a rather open and dry palaeoenvironment. The faunal sequence in Sésklo shows that the hipparion did not co-occur with the stenonid horse, at least in this region. Previous reports on sympatry of these taxa may result from faunal mixing, requiring re-examination of the available samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: Plesiohipparion; Late Pliocene; Villafranchian; Greece; biostratigraphy; equid sympatry Plesiohipparion; Late Pliocene; Villafranchian; Greece; biostratigraphy; equid sympatry
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Athanassiou, A. A Villafranchian Hipparion-Bearing Mammal Fauna from Sésklo (E. Thessaly, Greece): Implications for the Question of Hipparion–Equus Sympatry in Europe. Quaternary 2018, 1, 12.

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