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Review

Review: Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) as Mobile Sensing Platforms (MSPs) for Disaster Response, Civil Security and Public Safety

1
Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), Oude Waalsdorperweg 63, 2597 AK The Hague, The Netherlands
2
NEC Research Labs Europe (NLE), Kurfürsten-Anlage 36, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Drones 2019, 3(3), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones3030059
Received: 30 April 2019 / Revised: 17 July 2019 / Accepted: 20 July 2019 / Published: 25 July 2019
The use of UAVs in areas ranging from agriculture over urban services to entertainment or simply as a hobby has rapidly grown over the last years. Regarding serious/commercial applications, UAVs have been considered in the literature, especially as mobile sensing/actuation platforms (i.e., as a delivery platform for an increasingly wide range of sensors and actuators). With regard to timely, cost-effective and very rich data acquisition, both, NEC Research as well as TNO are pursuing investigations into the use of UAVs and swarms of UAVs for scenarios where high-resolution requirements, prohibiting environments or tight time constraints render traditional approaches ineffective. In this review article, we provide a brief overview of safety and security-focused application areas that we identified as main targets for industrial and commercial projects, especially in the context of intelligent autonomous systems and autonomous/semi-autonomously operating swarms. We discuss a number of challenges related to the deployment of UAVs in general and to their deployment within the identified application areas in particular. As such, this article is meant to serve as a review and overview of the literature and the state-of-the-art, but also to offer an outlook over our possible (near-term) future work and the challenges that we will face there. View Full-Text
Keywords: review; UAV; drone; UAV-Swarms; Intelligent Autonomous Systems; smart city; civil security; public safety; disaster response; Mobile Sensing Platform; applications; challenges review; UAV; drone; UAV-Swarms; Intelligent Autonomous Systems; smart city; civil security; public safety; disaster response; Mobile Sensing Platform; applications; challenges
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hildmann, H.; Kovacs, E. Review: Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) as Mobile Sensing Platforms (MSPs) for Disaster Response, Civil Security and Public Safety. Drones 2019, 3, 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones3030059

AMA Style

Hildmann H, Kovacs E. Review: Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) as Mobile Sensing Platforms (MSPs) for Disaster Response, Civil Security and Public Safety. Drones. 2019; 3(3):59. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones3030059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hildmann, Hanno; Kovacs, Ernö. 2019. "Review: Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) as Mobile Sensing Platforms (MSPs) for Disaster Response, Civil Security and Public Safety" Drones 3, no. 3: 59. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones3030059

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