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Review

IoT Technologies for Livestock Management: A Review of Present Status, Opportunities, and Future Trends

1
Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife 220282, Nigeria
2
Department of Computer Science and Creative Technology, University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
3
Big Data Enterprise and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2021, 5(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc5010010
Received: 11 January 2021 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
The world population currently stands at about 7 billion amidst an expected increase in 2030 from 9.4 billion to around 10 billion in 2050. This burgeoning population has continued to influence the upward demand for animal food. Moreover, the management of finite resources such as land, the need to reduce livestock contribution to greenhouse gases, and the need to manage inherent complex, highly contextual, and repetitive day-to-day livestock management (LsM) routines are some examples of challenges to overcome in livestock production. The Internet of Things (IoT)’s usefulness in other vertical industries (OVI) shows that its role will be significant in LsM. This work uses the systematic review methodology of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) to guide a review of existing literature on IoT in OVI. The goal is to identify the IoT’s ecosystem, architecture, and its technicalities—present status, opportunities, and expected future trends—regarding its role in LsM. Among identified IoT roles in LsM, the authors found that data will be its main contributor. The traditional approach of reactive data processing will give way to the proactive approach of augmented analytics to provide insights about animal processes. This will undoubtedly free LsM from the drudgery of repetitive tasks with opportunities for improved productivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: IoT technologies; IoT ecosystem and architecture; artificial intelligence; big data; cloud computing; 5G nexus; PRISMA methodology IoT technologies; IoT ecosystem and architecture; artificial intelligence; big data; cloud computing; 5G nexus; PRISMA methodology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Akhigbe, B.I.; Munir, K.; Akinade, O.; Akanbi, L.; Oyedele, L.O. IoT Technologies for Livestock Management: A Review of Present Status, Opportunities, and Future Trends. Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2021, 5, 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc5010010

AMA Style

Akhigbe BI, Munir K, Akinade O, Akanbi L, Oyedele LO. IoT Technologies for Livestock Management: A Review of Present Status, Opportunities, and Future Trends. Big Data and Cognitive Computing. 2021; 5(1):10. https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc5010010

Chicago/Turabian Style

Akhigbe, Bernard I., Kamran Munir, Olugbenga Akinade, Lukman Akanbi, and Lukumon O. Oyedele. 2021. "IoT Technologies for Livestock Management: A Review of Present Status, Opportunities, and Future Trends" Big Data and Cognitive Computing 5, no. 1: 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc5010010

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