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Place-Making through the Creation of Common Spaces in Lima’s Self-Built Settlements: El Ermitaño and Pampa de Cueva as Case Studies for a Regional Urbanization Strategy

1
Department of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geomatics, Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, 60318 Frankfurt, Germany
2
UIC School of Architecture, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08017 Barcelona, Spain
3
Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute, Curtin University, Bentley 6102, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2019, 3(4), 112; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3040112
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 27 November 2019 / Accepted: 2 December 2019 / Published: 10 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Regional Urbanization)
Lima has become the first Peruvian megacity with more than 10 million people, resulting from the migration waves from the countryside throughout the 20th century, which have also contributed to the diverse ethnic background of today’s city. The paper analyzes two neighborhoods located in the inter-district area of Northern Lima: Pampa de Cueva and El Ermitaño as paradigmatic cases of the city’s expansion through non-formal settlements during the 1960s. They represent a relevant case study because of their complex urbanization process, the presence of pre-Hispanic heritage, their location in vulnerable hillside areas in the fringe with a protected natural landscape, and their potential for sustainable local economic development. The article traces back the consolidation process of these self-built neighborhoods or barriadas within the context of Northern Lima as a new centrality for the metropolitan area. The analysis of urban form and mobility, heritage and environmental challenges, governance, and social integration leads to a proposal for neighborhood upgrading, capacity building with participatory processes, and a vision for future local development to decentralize the traditional metropolitan centers, which can be scaled to other peripheral neighborhoods. View Full-Text
Keywords: Latin American cities; Peru; Lima; barriadas; self-built urbanism; non-formal settlements; neighborhood upgrading; regional development Latin American cities; Peru; Lima; barriadas; self-built urbanism; non-formal settlements; neighborhood upgrading; regional development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Almaaroufi, S.; Golda-Pongratz, K.; Jauregui-Fung, F.; Pereira, S.; Pulido-Castro, N.; Kenworthy, J. Place-Making through the Creation of Common Spaces in Lima’s Self-Built Settlements: El Ermitaño and Pampa de Cueva as Case Studies for a Regional Urbanization Strategy. Urban Sci. 2019, 3, 112. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3040112

AMA Style

Almaaroufi S, Golda-Pongratz K, Jauregui-Fung F, Pereira S, Pulido-Castro N, Kenworthy J. Place-Making through the Creation of Common Spaces in Lima’s Self-Built Settlements: El Ermitaño and Pampa de Cueva as Case Studies for a Regional Urbanization Strategy. Urban Science. 2019; 3(4):112. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3040112

Chicago/Turabian Style

Almaaroufi, Samar; Golda-Pongratz, Kathrin; Jauregui-Fung, Franco; Pereira, Sara; Pulido-Castro, Natalia; Kenworthy, Jeffrey. 2019. "Place-Making through the Creation of Common Spaces in Lima’s Self-Built Settlements: El Ermitaño and Pampa de Cueva as Case Studies for a Regional Urbanization Strategy" Urban Sci. 3, no. 4: 112. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3040112

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