Next Article in Journal
Experimental Setup of the Fast Current Controller for the Buenos Aires Heavy Ion Microbeam
Next Article in Special Issue
Studies on Application of Ion Beam Breeding to Industrial Microorganisms at TIARA
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Experimental Study on the Biological Effect of Cluster Ion Beams in Bacillus subtilis Spores
Open AccessArticle

Localization of Aluminum in Epidermal Cells of Mature Tea Leaves

Department of Informatics and Environmental Science, Kyoto Prefectural University, Hangicho, Shimogamo, Sakyo-Ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 606-8522, Japan
Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto daigaku-katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 615-8540, Japan
The Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center, 64-52-1 Nagatani, Tsuruga, Fukui 914-0192, Japan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Quantum Beam Sci. 2019, 3(2), 9;
Received: 15 April 2019 / Revised: 20 May 2019 / Accepted: 27 May 2019 / Published: 29 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ion Beams in Biology and Medicine)
We have determined the distribution of aluminum in the epidermal cells of mature tea leaves using micro-beam particle-induced X-ray emission. The observed pattern of aluminum distribution in the epidermal cells suggests that aluminum exists in cell walls. Silicon exhibits a distribution that is nearly identical to that of aluminum, suggesting co-localization with aluminum. View Full-Text
Keywords: tea; aluminum; spatial distribution; micro-beam; PIXE tea; aluminum; spatial distribution; micro-beam; PIXE
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Haruyama, Y.; Fujiwara, T.; Yasuda, K.; Saito, M.; Suzuki, K. Localization of Aluminum in Epidermal Cells of Mature Tea Leaves. Quantum Beam Sci. 2019, 3, 9.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop