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Article

Effects of In-Process Temperatures and Blending Polymers on Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Blends

1
Massey Agrifood Digital Lab, Massey University, Palmerston North 4410, New Zealand
2
Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Rachna College of Engineering and Technology, Gujranwala 52250, Pakistan
3
Department of Polymer Engineering, National Textile University, Faisalabad 37610, Pakistan
4
Faculty of Engineering, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1023, New Zealand
5
Scion, Rotorua 3046, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Chien-Hung Liu and Emin Bayraktar
Inventions 2021, 6(4), 93; https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions6040093
Received: 26 October 2021 / Revised: 13 November 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 24 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Innovation Papers)
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is a renowned commodity polymer for additive manufacturing, particularly fused deposition modelling (FDM). The recent large-scale applications of 3D-printed ABS require stable mechanical properties than ever needed. However, thermochemical scission of butadiene bonds is one of the contemporary challenges affecting the overall ABS stability. In this regard, literature reports melt-blending of ABS with different polymers with high thermal resistance. However, the comparison for the effects of different polymers on tensile strength of 3D-printed ABS blends was not yet reported. Furthermore, the cumulative studies comprising both blended polymers and in-process thermal variables for FDM were not yet presented as well. This research, for the first time, presents the statistical comparison of tensile properties for the added polymers and in-process thermal variables (printing temperature and build surface temperature). The research presents Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) to explain the thermochemical reasons behind achieved mechanical properties. Overall, ABS blend with PP shows high tensile strength (≈31 MPa) at different combinations of in-process parameters. Furthermore, some commonalities among both blends are noted, i.e., the tensile strength improves with increase of surface (bed) and printing temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: fused deposition modelling; polypropylene; high density polyethylene; additive manufacturing; blending fused deposition modelling; polypropylene; high density polyethylene; additive manufacturing; blending
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MDPI and ACS Style

Harris, M.; Potgieter, J.; Mohsin, H.; Silva, K.D.; Guen, M.-J.L. Effects of In-Process Temperatures and Blending Polymers on Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Blends. Inventions 2021, 6, 93. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions6040093

AMA Style

Harris M, Potgieter J, Mohsin H, Silva KD, Guen M-JL. Effects of In-Process Temperatures and Blending Polymers on Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Blends. Inventions. 2021; 6(4):93. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions6040093

Chicago/Turabian Style

Harris, Muhammad, Johan Potgieter, Hammad Mohsin, Karnika De Silva, and Marie-Joo Le Guen. 2021. "Effects of In-Process Temperatures and Blending Polymers on Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Blends" Inventions 6, no. 4: 93. https://doi.org/10.3390/inventions6040093

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