Prevalence and Risk of Anisakid Larvae in Fresh Fish Frequently Consumed in Spain: An Overview
AbstractAnisakidosis is a fish-borne zoonosis caused by parasitic nematodes of the family Anisakidae, of which the species belonging to Anisakis simplex complex are the most representative. It is considered an emerging disease in Spain. The objective of this study is to analyse the presence of larvae in fish frequently consumed in Spanish supermarkets, inferring the risk of infection. In total 1,786 specimens of 9 different fish species, from two geographical origins (Atlantic and Mediterranean), acquired fresh and not eviscerated were examined for anisakid nematodes. Analysis showed that 33.7% of the samples were parasitized by Anisakis larvae. The horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) presented the highest total prevalence (66.0%), followed by the silver hake (Merluccius bilinearis) (59.5%), the mackerel (Scomber scombrus) (58.4%), the blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou) (53.9%) and the European hake (Merlucius merlucius) (45.0%). In general, the prevalence was higher in Atlantic than in Mediterranean fish. In all the species analysed, a higher presence of the parasite was detected in the viscera than in the flesh, although in the most parasitized species a noteworthy prevalence and abundance was observed in the flesh. In conclusion, risk factors, like fish species and origin, should be considered by consumers, in addition of following the recommendations established by Commission Regulation (EU) No1276/2011 and the Spanish Royal Decree 1420/2006. View Full-Text
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Debenedetti, Á.L.; Madrid, E.; Trelis, M.; Codes, F.J.; Gil-Gómez, F.; Sáez-Durán, S.; Fuentes, M.V. Prevalence and Risk of Anisakid Larvae in Fresh Fish Frequently Consumed in Spain: An Overview. Fishes 2019, 4, 13.
Debenedetti ÁL, Madrid E, Trelis M, Codes FJ, Gil-Gómez F, Sáez-Durán S, Fuentes MV. Prevalence and Risk of Anisakid Larvae in Fresh Fish Frequently Consumed in Spain: An Overview. Fishes. 2019; 4(1):13.Chicago/Turabian Style
Debenedetti, Ángela L.; Madrid, Elena; Trelis, María; Codes, Francisco J.; Gil-Gómez, Florimar; Sáez-Durán, Sandra; Fuentes, Màrius V. 2019. "Prevalence and Risk of Anisakid Larvae in Fresh Fish Frequently Consumed in Spain: An Overview." Fishes 4, no. 1: 13.