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Fermentation 2018, 4(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation4010007

Massive Sequencing: A New Tool for the Control of Alcoholic Fermentation in Wine?

Facultat d‘Enologia, Department Bioquímica i Biotecnologia, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43003 Tarragona, Spain
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Received: 23 December 2017 / Revised: 19 January 2018 / Accepted: 24 January 2018 / Published: 26 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial Control)
Full-Text   |   PDF [214 KB, uploaded 26 January 2018]

Abstract

In wine industry, there is a prevalent use of starter cultures to promote a controlled and efficient alcoholic fermentation preventing the growth of spoilage microbes. However, current trends in enology aim to combine the guaranteed success of monitored process and the complexity of fermentations either by inoculating autochthonous starters or by performing spontaneously to produce distinctive wines. To understand the complex roles of microorganisms on wine fermentation, we must understand their population dynamics and their relationships with wine quality and metabolome. Current metagenomics techniques based on massive sequencing are gaining relevance to study the diversity and evolution of microbial population on every stage of the wine making process. This new tool and technique increases the throughput and sensitivity to study microbial communities. This review focuses on the current knowledge about wine alcoholic fermentation, the contribution of massive sequencing techniques and the possibility of using this tool for microbial control. View Full-Text
Keywords: next-generation-sequencing; alcoholic fermentation; bioinformatics; high-throughput sequencing; wine; microbiota; metagenomics next-generation-sequencing; alcoholic fermentation; bioinformatics; high-throughput sequencing; wine; microbiota; metagenomics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kioroglou, D.; LLeixá, J.; Mas, A.; Portillo, M.D.C. Massive Sequencing: A New Tool for the Control of Alcoholic Fermentation in Wine? Fermentation 2018, 4, 7.

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