Deletion of ptn1, a PTEN/TEP1 Orthologue, in Ustilago maydis Reduces Pathogenicity and Teliospore Development
AbstractThe PTEN/PI3K/mTOR signal transduction pathway is involved in the regulation of biological processes such as metabolism, cell growth, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. This pathway has been extensively studied in mammals, leading to the conclusion that PTEN is a major tumor suppressor gene. PTEN orthologues have been characterized in a variety of organisms, both vertebrates and non-vertebrates, and studies of the associated PTEN/PI3K/mTOR pathway indicate that it is widely conserved. Studies in fungal systems indicated a role of PTEN in fungal defense mechanisms in Candida albicans, and in the developmental process of sporulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The present study was aimed at investigating the role of the PTEN ortholog, ptn1, in Ustilago maydis, the pathogen of maize. U. maydis ptn1 mutant strains where ptn1 gene is deleted or overexpressed were examined for phenotypes associate with mating, virulence and spore formation. While the overexpression of ptn1 had no substantial effects on virulence, ptn1 deletion strains showed slight reductions in mating efficiency and significant reductions in virulence; tumor formation on stem and/or leaves were severely reduced. Moreover, tumors, when present, had significantly lower levels of mature teliospores, and the percent germination of such spores was similarly reduced. Thus, ptn1 is required for these important aspects of virulence in this fungus. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 1276 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Vijayakrishnapillai, L.M.K.; Desmarais, J.S.; Groeschen, M.N.; Perlin, M.H. Deletion of ptn1, a PTEN/TEP1 Orthologue, in Ustilago maydis Reduces Pathogenicity and Teliospore Development. J. Fungi 2019, 5, 1.
Vijayakrishnapillai LMK, Desmarais JS, Groeschen MN, Perlin MH. Deletion of ptn1, a PTEN/TEP1 Orthologue, in Ustilago maydis Reduces Pathogenicity and Teliospore Development. Journal of Fungi. 2019; 5(1):1.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vijayakrishnapillai, Lalu M.K.; Desmarais, John S.; Groeschen, Michael N.; Perlin, Michael H. 2019. "Deletion of ptn1, a PTEN/TEP1 Orthologue, in Ustilago maydis Reduces Pathogenicity and Teliospore Development." J. Fungi 5, no. 1: 1.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.