Biological Roles of Protein-Coding Tandem Repeats in the Yeast Candida Albicans
AbstractTandem repeat (TR) DNA mutates faster than other DNA by insertion and deletion of repeats. Large parts of eukaryotic proteomes are encoded by ORFs containing protein-coding TRs (TR-ORFs, pcTRs) with largely unknown biological consequences. We explored these in the yeast Candida albicans, an opportunistic human pathogen. We found that almost half of C. albicans’ proteins are encoded by TR-ORFs. pcTR frequency differed only moderately between different gene (GO) categories. Bioinformatic predictions of genome-wide mutation rates and clade-specific differences in pcTR allele frequencies indicated that pcTRs (i) significantly increase the genome-wide mutation rate; (ii) significantly impact on fitness and (iii) allow the evolution of selectively advantageous clade-specific protein variants. Synonymous mutations reduced the repetitiveness of many amino acid repeat-encoding pcTRs. A survey, in 58 strains, revealed that in some pcTR regions in which repetitiveness was not significantly diminished by synonymous mutations the habitat predicted which alleles were present, suggesting roles of pcTR mutation in short-term adaptation and pathogenesis. In C. albicans pcTR mutation apparently is an important mechanism for mutational advance and possibly also rapid adaptation, with synonymous mutations providing a mechanism for adjusting mutation rates of individual pcTRs. Analyses of Arabidopsis and human pcTRs showed that the latter also occurs in other eukaryotes. View Full-Text
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Wilkins, M.; Zhang, N.; Schmid, J. Biological Roles of Protein-Coding Tandem Repeats in the Yeast Candida Albicans. J. Fungi 2018, 4, 78.
Wilkins M, Zhang N, Schmid J. Biological Roles of Protein-Coding Tandem Repeats in the Yeast Candida Albicans. Journal of Fungi. 2018; 4(3):78.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wilkins, Matt; Zhang, Ningxin; Schmid, Jan. 2018. "Biological Roles of Protein-Coding Tandem Repeats in the Yeast Candida Albicans." J. Fungi 4, no. 3: 78.
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