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Salmonella Surveillance Systems in Swine and Humans in Spain: A Review

1
Animal Health Research Center (INIA-CISA), Ctra Algete a El Casar s/n, 28130, Valdeolmos, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
VISAVET Health Surveillance Center, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Animal Health Department, Veterinary School, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vet. Sci. 2019, 6(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6010020
Received: 10 January 2019 / Revised: 13 February 2019 / Accepted: 16 February 2019 / Published: 20 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zoonotic and Emerging Diseases at Human-Animal Interface)
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Abstract

Non-typhoid salmonellosis is a common and problematic foodborne zoonotic disease in which pork and pork products can be an important potential source of infection. To prevent this disease, important efforts to monitor the situation in the main source, livestock, are conducted in most developed countries. In the European Union, European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) and European Center for Disease Control (ECDC) compile information at the member-state level, even though important differences in production systems and surveillance systems exist. Here, Salmonella surveillance systems in one of the main sources of foodborne salmonellosis, swine, and humans in Spain were reviewed to identify potential gaps and discuss potential ways of integration under a “One-Health” approach. Despite the extensive information generated through the surveillance activities, source attribution can be only routinely performed through ad-hoc outbreak investigations, and national reports on human outbreaks do not provide sufficiently detailed information to gain a better understanding of the epidemiology of the pathogen. Human and animal monitoring of Salmonella would benefit from a better exchange of information and collaboration. Analysis of spatio-temporal trends in livestock and humans could help to identify likely sources of infection and to target surveillance efforts in areas with higher prevalence or where specific strains are found. View Full-Text
Keywords: zoonoses; foodborne; disease control; public health; domestic livestock; pig; one health zoonoses; foodborne; disease control; public health; domestic livestock; pig; one health
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Martínez-Avilés, M.; Garrido-Estepa, M.; Álvarez, J.; de la Torre, A. Salmonella Surveillance Systems in Swine and Humans in Spain: A Review. Vet. Sci. 2019, 6, 20.

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