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Molecular Detection of Bovine Papillomavirus DNA in the Placenta and Blood of Healthy Mares and Respective Foals

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Via Tolara di Sopra, 50 Ozzano Emilia, 40064 Bologna, Italy
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Vet. Sci. 2019, 6(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6010014
Received: 14 December 2018 / Revised: 24 January 2019 / Accepted: 3 February 2019 / Published: 6 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Italian Society of the Veterinary Sciences SISVet 2018)
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Abstract

Despite the characteristic species specificity of Papillomaviruses (PVs), the bovine papillomavirus (BPV) types 1, 2, and—more rarely—13, can cross-infect equids, where they are involved in the pathogenesis of sarcoid neoplasms. Sarcoids are locally invasive fibroblastic skin tumors that represent the most common skin neoplasms in horses worldwide. The transmission mechanism of BPV is still controversial in horses. Thus far, direct and indirect routes have been implicated, while vertical transmission has been suggested after the detection of viral DNA in the semen of healthy stallions. Testing of the blood and placenta of non-sarcoid baring mares and their respective foals revealed that the equine placenta can harbor BPV DNA, leading us to speculate a possible prenatal vertical DNA transmission in equids. View Full-Text
Keywords: bovine papillomavirus; vertical transmission; sarcoid; horse; placenta; veterinary science; infectious diseases bovine papillomavirus; vertical transmission; sarcoid; horse; placenta; veterinary science; infectious diseases
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Savini, F.; Gallina, L.; Mazza, F.; Mariella, J.; Castagnetti, C.; Scagliarini, A. Molecular Detection of Bovine Papillomavirus DNA in the Placenta and Blood of Healthy Mares and Respective Foals. Vet. Sci. 2019, 6, 14.

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