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Vet. Sci. 2018, 5(3), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci5030075

An Evidence-Based Rapid Review of Surgical Techniques for Correction of Prolapsed Nictitans Glands in Dogs

1
Fremont Veterinary Clinic, Portland, OR 97213, USA
2
Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Nottingham LE12 5RD, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 July 2018 / Revised: 19 August 2018 / Accepted: 19 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
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Abstract

Prolapsed nictitans gland (PNG) is an important ocular condition of dogs. Various surgical interventions have been described, but effective technique is currently considered to be a matter of personal clinician preference. The aim of this rapid review was to evaluate existing peer-reviewed evidence of effectiveness for surgical techniques and their subsequent effects on quantitative and clinical lacrimal outcomes for PNG. We performed a structured bibliographic search of CAB Abstracts, PubMed, and Medline using terms relevant to dogs, nictitans gland, and surgery on 13 September 2017. Included studies were assessed for study design, reporting characteristics, surgical techniques, and surgical and lacrimal outcomes. Fifteen of three hundred fifteen identified studies were eligible for inclusion. Seven different replacement techniques were identified, along with gland excision. All studies were observational or descriptive, with the exception of a single crossover trial. Outcomes reporting was heterogeneous and provided limited detail on lacrimal outcomes or on breed propensity for recurrence. Insufficient data precluded comparison of techniques for either surgical failure rates or lacrimal outcomes, although proportional meta-analysis yielded an overall failure rate of 3% (95% CI 1–7%) for the Morgan’s pocket procedure. Improved reporting of veterinary surgical studies will improve evidence appraisal and synthesis, as well as reduce potential sources of bias. View Full-Text
Keywords: eye; ophthalmology; prolapsed nictitans gland; prolapsed third eyelid; cherry eye; canine; dog; veterinary surgery; rapid review eye; ophthalmology; prolapsed nictitans gland; prolapsed third eyelid; cherry eye; canine; dog; veterinary surgery; rapid review
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White, C.; Brennan, M.L. An Evidence-Based Rapid Review of Surgical Techniques for Correction of Prolapsed Nictitans Glands in Dogs. Vet. Sci. 2018, 5, 75.

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