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Communication

The Missing Case of Disinformation from the Cybersecurity Risk Continuum: A Comparative Assessment of Disinformation with Other Cyber Threats

College of Emergency Preparedness, Homeland Security, and Cybersecurity, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY 12222, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Riccardo Ortale and Gianni Costa
Received: 13 December 2021 / Revised: 14 March 2022 / Accepted: 8 April 2022 / Published: 12 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Automatic Disinformation Detection on Social Media Platforms)
This study examines the phenomenon of disinformation as a threat in the realm of cybersecurity. We have analyzed multiple authoritative cybersecurity standards, manuals, handbooks, and literary works. We present the unanimous meaning and construct of the term cyber threat. Our results reveal that although their definitions are mostly consistent, most of them lack the inclusion of disinformation in their list/glossary of cyber threats. We then proceeded to dissect the phenomenon of disinformation through the lens of cyber threat epistemology; it displays the presence of the necessary elements required (i.e., threat agent, attack vector, target, impact, defense) for its appropriate classification. To conjunct this, we have also included an in-depth comparative analysis of disinformation and its similar nature and characteristics with the prevailing and existing cyber threats. We, therefore, argue for its recommendation as an official and actual cyber threat. The significance of this paper, beyond the taxonomical correction it recommends, rests in the hope that it influences future policies and regulations in combatting disinformation and its propaganda. View Full-Text
Keywords: disinformation; infodemic; information disorder; cyber threat; cybersecurity; vulnerability disinformation; infodemic; information disorder; cyber threat; cybersecurity; vulnerability
MDPI and ACS Style

Caramancion, K.M.; Li, Y.; Dubois, E.; Jung, E.S. The Missing Case of Disinformation from the Cybersecurity Risk Continuum: A Comparative Assessment of Disinformation with Other Cyber Threats. Data 2022, 7, 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/data7040049

AMA Style

Caramancion KM, Li Y, Dubois E, Jung ES. The Missing Case of Disinformation from the Cybersecurity Risk Continuum: A Comparative Assessment of Disinformation with Other Cyber Threats. Data. 2022; 7(4):49. https://doi.org/10.3390/data7040049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Caramancion, Kevin M., Yueqi Li, Elisabeth Dubois, and Ellie S. Jung. 2022. "The Missing Case of Disinformation from the Cybersecurity Risk Continuum: A Comparative Assessment of Disinformation with Other Cyber Threats" Data 7, no. 4: 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/data7040049

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