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Database of Himalayan Plants Based on Published Floras during a Century

Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun 248001, India
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 September 2017 / Revised: 18 October 2017 / Accepted: 20 October 2017 / Published: 30 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity and Species Traits)
The Himalaya is the largest mountain range in the world, spanning approximately ten degrees of latitude and elevation between 100 m asl to the highest mountain peak on earth. The region varies in plant species richness, being highest in the biodiversity hotspot of Eastern Himalaya and declining to the North-Western parts of the Himalaya. We examined all published floras (31 floras in 42 volumes spanning the years 1903–2014) from the Indian Himalayan region, Nepal, and Bhutan to compile a comprehensive checklist of all gymnosperms and angiosperms. A total of 10,503 species representing 240 families and 2322 genera are reported. We evaluated all the botanical names reported in the floras for their updated taxonomy and excluded >3000 synonyms. Additionally, we identified 1134 species reported in these floras that presently remain taxonomically unresolved and 160 species with missing information in the global plant database (The Plant List, 2013). This is the most comprehensive estimate of plant species diversity in the Himalaya. View Full-Text
Keywords: angiosperms; Bhutan; floras; gymnosperms; Himalaya; India; Nepal angiosperms; Bhutan; floras; gymnosperms; Himalaya; India; Nepal
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Rana, S.K.; Rawat, G.S. Database of Himalayan Plants Based on Published Floras during a Century. Data 2017, 2, 36.

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