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Consumption of Chlorogenic Acids through Coffee and Health Implications

Laboratório de Química e Bioatividade de Alimentos e Núcleo de Pesquisa em Café (NUPECAFÉ), Instituto de Nutrição, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Avenida Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, CCS, Bl. J, Rio de Janeiro 21941-902, Brazil
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Beverages 2019, 5(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages5010011
Received: 11 December 2018 / Revised: 10 January 2019 / Accepted: 15 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coffee and its Consumption: Benefits and Risks)
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Abstract

Chlorogenic acids (CGA) are the main antioxidant compounds in the Western diet, due to their high concentrations in coffee associated with the high consumption of the beverage. Until about 10 years ago, like many other phenolic compounds, CGA were thought to be poorly absorbed in the human digestive system. Along the years, large amounts of information on the absorption and metabolism of these compounds have been unveiled, and today, it is known that, on average, about one third of the consumed CGA from coffee is absorbed in the human gastrointestinal tract, although large inter-individual variation exists. Considering results from in vitro animal and human studies, it is possible to conclude that the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of coffee CGA are responsible for, at least to a certain extent, the association between coffee consumption and lower incidence of various degenerative and non-degenerative diseases, in addition to higher longevity. View Full-Text
Keywords: chlorogenic acids; coffee beverages; consumption; health effects chlorogenic acids; coffee beverages; consumption; health effects
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Farah, A.; de Paula Lima, J. Consumption of Chlorogenic Acids through Coffee and Health Implications. Beverages 2019, 5, 11.

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