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ChemEngineering 2017, 1(2), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering1020019

Hydrogen Utilization in Green Fuel Synthesis via CO2 Conversion to Methanol over New Cu-Based Catalysts

1
Institute CNR-TAE “Nicola Giordano”, Via Salita S. Lucia 5, I-98126 Messina, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università di Messina, Viale F. Stagno D’Alcontres 31, I-98166 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2017 / Revised: 6 December 2017 / Accepted: 14 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
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Abstract

The use of hydrogen as an energy vector and raw material for “very clean liquid fuels” manufacturing has been assessed by the catalytic conversion of CO2 to methanol over copper based catalysts. A systematic evaluation of copper based catalysts, prepared varying the chemical composition, has been carried out at 0.1–5.0 MPa of total pressure and in the range of 453–513 K by using a semi-automated LAB-microplant, under CO2/H2 reactant mixture (1/3), fed at GHSV of 8.8 NL∙kgcat−1∙h−1. Material’s properties have been investigated by the means of chemical-physical studies. The findings disclose that the addition of structure promoters (i.e., ZrO2/CeO2) strongly improves the textural properties of catalysts, in term of total surface area and exposure of metal surface area (MSA), also reducing the sintering phenomena. The results of the catalytic study clearly prove a structure-activity relationship at low reaction pressure (0.1 MPa), while at higher pressure (3.0–5.0 MPa) the reaction path is insensitive to structure and chemical composition. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen technology; H2 conversion to liquid fuels; methanol synthesis; CO2 valorization hydrogen technology; H2 conversion to liquid fuels; methanol synthesis; CO2 valorization
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Spadaro, L.; Santoro, M.; Palella, A.; Arena, F. Hydrogen Utilization in Green Fuel Synthesis via CO2 Conversion to Methanol over New Cu-Based Catalysts. ChemEngineering 2017, 1, 19.

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