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ChemEngineering 2018, 2(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering2010001

Interlayer Properties of In-Situ Oxidized Porous Stainless Steel for Preparation of Composite Pd Membranes

Department of Chemical and Energy Technology, Chemical and Environmental Technology, Mechanical Technology and Analytical Chemistry, Rey Juan Carlos University, C/Tulipán s/n, 28933 Móstoles, Spain
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Received: 17 November 2017 / Revised: 11 December 2017 / Accepted: 13 December 2017 / Published: 21 December 2017
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Abstract

Hydrogen is considered as a real alternative for improving the current energy scenario in the near future and separation processes are a crucial step for the economy of the process in both centralized and distributed production systems. In this context, Pd-based composite membranes appear as an attractive technology trying to reduce the Pd thickness by modifying the commercial supports, mainly formed by metals to fit properly in conventional industrial devices. In most cases, a final calcination step is required and hence, the metallic support can be oxidized. This work analyzes in detail the properties of intermediate layers generated by in-situ oxidation of tubular PSS supports as a crucial step for the preparation of Pd/PSS membranes. The oxidation temperature determines the modification of original morphology and permeability by increasing the presence of mixed iron-chromium oxides as temperature rises. A compromise solution need to be adopted in order to reduce the average pore mouth size and the external roughness, while maintaining a high permeation capacity. Temperature of 600 °C lets to reduce the average pore size from 3.5 to 2.1 μm or from 4.5 to 2.3 μm in case of using PSS supports with 0.1 or 0.2 μm porous media grades, respectively but maintaining a hydrogen permeation beyond targets of United States of America Department of Energy (US DOE). Lower temperatures provoke an insufficient surface modification, while greater values derive in a drastic reduction of permeability. In these conditions, two composite membranes were prepared by ELP-PP, obtaining 14.7 and 18.0 μm thick palladium layers in case of modifying PSS tubes of 0.1 or 0.2 μm media grades, respectively. In both cases, the composite Pd membranes exhibited a hydrogen perm-selectivity greater than 2000 with permeances ranged from 2.83 to 5.84·10−4 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−0.5 and activation energies of around 13–14 kJ mol−1. View Full-Text
Keywords: porous stainless steel; in-situ oxidation; surface modification; palladium membrane; hydrogen porous stainless steel; in-situ oxidation; surface modification; palladium membrane; hydrogen
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Furones, L.; Alique, D. Interlayer Properties of In-Situ Oxidized Porous Stainless Steel for Preparation of Composite Pd Membranes. ChemEngineering 2018, 2, 1.

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