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Medicines 2018, 5(3), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5030098

Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, L.): A Review

1
Department of Food Technology and Human Nutrition, Veterinary Faculty, University of Murcia, Espinardo, 30071 Murcia, Spain
2
Research and Development Department of Nutrafur-Frutarom Group, Camino Viejo de Pliego s/n, Alcantarilla, 80320 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 June 2018 / Revised: 16 August 2018 / Accepted: 31 August 2018 / Published: 4 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medicinal Plants and Foods)
Full-Text   |   PDF [872 KB, uploaded 4 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Nowadays, there is an interest in the consumption of food without synthetic additives and rather with the use of natural preservatives. In this regard, natural extracts of the Lamiaceae family, such as rosemary, have been studied because of its bioactive properties. Several studies have reported that rosemary extracts show biological bioactivities such as hepatoprotective, antifungal, insecticide, antioxidant and antibacterial. It is well known that the biological properties in rosemary are mainly due to phenolic compounds. However, it is essential to take into account that these biological properties depend on different aspects. Their use in foods is limited because of their odour, colour and taste. For that reason, commercial methods have been developed for the preparation of odourless and colourless antioxidant compounds from rosemary. Owing to the new applications of natural extracts in preservatives, this review gives a view on the use of natural extract from rosemary in foods and its effect on preservative activities. Specifically, the relationship between the structure and activity (antimicrobial and antioxidant) of the active components in rosemary are being reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: rosemary; phenolic compounds; antioxidant; antimicrobial rosemary; phenolic compounds; antioxidant; antimicrobial
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Nieto, G.; Ros, G.; Castillo, J. Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis, L.): A Review. Medicines 2018, 5, 98.

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