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Medicines 2018, 5(2), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5020038

Use of Plant and Herb Derived Medicine for Therapeutic Usage in Cardiology

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Cardiovascular Institute, 3 Blackfan Circle, CLS 910, Boston, MA 02215, USA
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Received: 15 March 2018 / Revised: 16 April 2018 / Accepted: 19 April 2018 / Published: 22 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactivities and Medical Use of Herbs and Plants)
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Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have become prominent in mortality and morbidity rates. Prevalent cardiovascular conditions, such as hypertension, atherosclerosis and oxidative stress, are increasing at an alarming rate. Conventional drugs have been associated with adverse effects, suggesting a need for an alternative measure to ameliorate CVD. A number of plant- and herb-derived preventative food and therapeutic drugs for cardiovascular conditions are progressively used for their various benefits. Naturally derived food and drugs have fewer side effects because they come from natural elements; preventative food, such as grape seed, inhibits changes of histopathology and biomarkers in vital organs whereas therapeutic drugs, for instance Xanthone, improve heart functions by suppressing oxidative stress of myocyte. This review closely examines the various plant- and herb-derived drugs that have assumed an essential role in treating inflammation and oxidative stress for prevalent cardiovascular conditions. Furthermore, the use of plant-derived medicine with other synthetic particles, such as nanoparticles, for targeted therapy is investigated for its effective clinical use in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: pharmacognosy; therapeutic; cardiology; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory pharmacognosy; therapeutic; cardiology; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Koo, Y.E.; Song, J.; Bae, S. Use of Plant and Herb Derived Medicine for Therapeutic Usage in Cardiology. Medicines 2018, 5, 38.

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