Next Article in Journal
Biopsychosocial Assessment of Pain with Thermal Imaging of Emotional Facial Expression in Breast Cancer Survivors
Next Article in Special Issue
Pharmacological Treatment for Long-Term Patients with Schizophrenia and Its Effects on Sleep in Daily Clinical Practice: A Pilot Study
Previous Article in Journal
Benveniste’s Experiments Explained by a Non-Conventional Experimenter Effect
Previous Article in Special Issue
Genetic Variations Associated with Sleep Disorders in Patients with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review
Review

Acupuncture as Add-On Treatment of the Positive, Negative, and Cognitive Symptoms of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review

1
Research Group of Pain and Neuroscience, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea
2
Brussels Institute for Applied Linguistics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
3
College of Oriental Medicine, Sang Ji University, Wonju 26339, Korea
4
Psychiatric Research Group, LVR-Klinik Bedburg-Hau, 47511 Bedburg-Hau, Germany
5
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, 6525 Nijmegen, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicines 2018, 5(2), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5020029
Received: 22 February 2018 / Revised: 27 March 2018 / Accepted: 28 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Schizophrenia and Sleep Disorders)
Background: Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder that has a large impact on patients’ lives. In addition to Western medicine, the use of additional treatments, such as acupuncture, in treating the positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms is increasing. Methods: We conducted a systematic review on the use of acupuncture as an add-on treatment for patients with schizophrenia that are in regular care, with a special focus on the treatment of the often accompanying sleep disorders. In this study, we searched the Medline, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and ERIC databases with a cut-off date of 31 December 2017, thereby following the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) protocol. Results: Our search resulted in 26 eligible studies with 1181 patients with schizophrenia who received acupuncture treatment. Most studies showed limited evidence for the use of acupuncture as add-on therapy in the treatment of the positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms, but beneficial effects have been reported in the treatment of the accompanying sleep disorders. Conclusions: Limited evidence was found for the use of acupuncture as add-on therapy in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia; however, positive results were found in the treatment of sleep disorders, but this result needs to be confirmed in large, randomized, controlled trials. View Full-Text
Keywords: schizophrenia; psychosis; sleep; sleep disturbances; sleep disorders; integrative medicine; acupuncture; add-on therapy schizophrenia; psychosis; sleep; sleep disturbances; sleep disorders; integrative medicine; acupuncture; add-on therapy
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Van den Noort, M.; Yeo, S.; Lim, S.; Lee, S.-H.; Staudte, H.; Bosch, P. Acupuncture as Add-On Treatment of the Positive, Negative, and Cognitive Symptoms of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review. Medicines 2018, 5, 29. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5020029

AMA Style

Van den Noort M, Yeo S, Lim S, Lee S-H, Staudte H, Bosch P. Acupuncture as Add-On Treatment of the Positive, Negative, and Cognitive Symptoms of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review. Medicines. 2018; 5(2):29. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5020029

Chicago/Turabian Style

Van den Noort, Maurits, Sujung Yeo, Sabina Lim, Sook-Hyun Lee, Heike Staudte, and Peggy Bosch. 2018. "Acupuncture as Add-On Treatment of the Positive, Negative, and Cognitive Symptoms of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review" Medicines 5, no. 2: 29. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5020029

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop