Next Article in Journal
Innovative Rough Beer Conditioning Process Free from Diatomaceous Earth and Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone
Next Article in Special Issue
Halophytes of the Mediterranean Basin—Underutilized Species with the Potential to Be Nutritious Crops in the Scenario of the Climate Change
Previous Article in Journal
The Use of a Nutrient Quality Score is Effective to Assess the Overall Nutritional Value of Three Brassica Microgreens
Previous Article in Special Issue
Demographic Scenarios of Future Environmental Footprints of Healthy Diets in China
Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Strategies for Sustainable Substitution of Livestock Meat

1
School of Public Health, Jilin Medical University, Jilin 132013, China
2
Institute of Food and Nutritional Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi 46300, Pakistan
3
Department of Food Science & Biotechnology, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Foods 2020, 9(9), 1227; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091227
Received: 12 August 2020 / Revised: 20 August 2020 / Accepted: 20 August 2020 / Published: 3 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Changes and Global Warming—the Future of Foods)
The consequences of climate change are becoming increasingly discernible everywhere, and initiatives have been taken worldwide to mitigate climate change. In agriculture, particularly meat production from the livestock sector is known to contribute to greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) that drive climate change. Thus, to mitigate climate impact, strategies that include a shift in consumption patterns, technological advancements and reduction in food wastes/losses have been discussed. In this review, strategies that focus on meat consumption patterns are evaluated from the technological feasibility, environmental impact and consumer acceptance viewpoints. While plant-based substitutes have efficient nutrient conversion and lower GHG emissions, consumer perception, cost, and other trade-offs exist. Although cultured meat precludes the need of any animals and large land areas, its environmental impact is not clear and is contingent upon production systems and the achievement of decarbonization. Reducing wastes and the re-use of meat processing by-products have the potential to lower the environmental impact. Valuable proteins, heat, electricity and biofuels extracted from wastes and by-products not only reduce the disposal of wastes but also offset some GHG emissions. Perception related challenges that exist for all substitution strategies require specific consumer target marketing strategies. Policy measures such as taxation of meat products and subsidies for alternatives are also met with challenges, thereby requiring reforms or new policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: livestock; meat consumption; greenhouse gas emissions; climate change livestock; meat consumption; greenhouse gas emissions; climate change
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, G.; Ameer, K.; Kim, H.; Lee, E.-J.; Ramachandraiah, K.; Hong, G.-P. Strategies for Sustainable Substitution of Livestock Meat. Foods 2020, 9, 1227. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091227

AMA Style

Jiang G, Ameer K, Kim H, Lee E-J, Ramachandraiah K, Hong G-P. Strategies for Sustainable Substitution of Livestock Meat. Foods. 2020; 9(9):1227. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091227

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jiang, Guihun; Ameer, Kashif; Kim, Honggyun; Lee, Eun-Jung; Ramachandraiah, Karna; Hong, Geun-Pyo. 2020. "Strategies for Sustainable Substitution of Livestock Meat" Foods 9, no. 9: 1227. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091227

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop