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Open AccessArticle

Serving Temperatures of Best-Selling Coffees in Two Segments of the Brazilian Food Service Industry Are “Very Hot”

Department of Food Engineering, Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB), João Pessoa, Paraiba 58051-900, Brazil
Chemisches und Veterinäruntersuchungsamt (CVUA) Karlsruhe, Weissenburger Str. 3, 76187 Karlsruhe, Germany
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(8), 1047;
Received: 29 June 2020 / Revised: 29 July 2020 / Accepted: 31 July 2020 / Published: 3 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food, Health and Safety in Cross Cultural Consumer Contexts)
The International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified the consumption of “very hot” beverages (temperature >65 °C) as “probably carcinogenic to humans”, but there is no information regarding the serving temperature of Brazil’s most consumed hot beverage—coffee. The serving temperatures of best-selling coffee beverages in 50 low-cost food service establishments (LCFS) and 50 coffee shops (CS) were studied. The bestsellers in the LCFS were dominated by 50 mL shots of sweetened black coffee served in disposable polystyrene (PS) cups from thermos flasks. In the CS, 50 mL shots of freshly brewed espresso served in porcelain cups were the dominant beverage. The serving temperatures of all beverages were on average 90% and 68% above 65 °C in the LCFS and CS, respectively (P95 and median value of measurements: 77 and 70 °C, LCFS; 75 and 69 °C, CS). Furthermore, the cooling periods of hot water systems (50 mL at 75 °C and 69 °C in porcelain cups; 50 mL at 77 °C and 70 °C in PS cups) to 65 °C were investigated. When median temperatures of the best-selling coffees are considered, consumers should allow a minimum cooling time before drinking of about 2 min at both LCFS and CS. View Full-Text
Keywords: coffee; temperature; risk; food service industry; Brazil coffee; temperature; risk; food service industry; Brazil
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nóbrega, I.C.C.; Costa, I.H.L.; Macedo, A.C.; Ishihara, Y.M.; Lachenmeier, D.W. Serving Temperatures of Best-Selling Coffees in Two Segments of the Brazilian Food Service Industry Are “Very Hot”. Foods 2020, 9, 1047.

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