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Allergenicity of Fermented Foods: Emphasis on Seeds Protein-Based Products

1
INRAE UR1268 BIA, 3 impasse Y. Cauchois—Rue de la Géraudière CS 71627, 44000 Nantes, France
2
Food Research Center, Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo 05508-080, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(6), 792; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9060792
Received: 20 May 2020 / Revised: 10 June 2020 / Accepted: 13 June 2020 / Published: 16 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Research of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Field)
Food allergy is an IgE-mediated abnormal response to otherwise harmless food proteins, affecting between 5% and 10% of the world preschool children population and 1% to 5% adults. Several physical, chemical, and biotechnological approaches have been used to reduce the allergenicity of food allergens. Fermentation processes that contribute to technological and desirable changes in taste, flavor, digestibility, and texture of food products constitute one of these approaches. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB), used as starter cultures in dairy products, are a subject of increasing interest in fermentation of plant proteins. However, the studies designed to assess the impact of LAB on reduction of allergenicity of seed proteins are at an early stage. This review presents the current knowledge on food fermentation, with a focus on seed proteins that are increasingly used as ingredients, and its impacts on food potential allergenicity. View Full-Text
Keywords: food allergens; seed proteins; fermentation; lactic acid bacteria; food allergy food allergens; seed proteins; fermentation; lactic acid bacteria; food allergy
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El Mecherfi, K.-E.; Todorov, S.D.; Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, M.A.; Denery-Papini, S.; Lupi, R.; Haertlé, T.; Dora Gombossy de Melo Franco, B.; Larré, C. Allergenicity of Fermented Foods: Emphasis on Seeds Protein-Based Products. Foods 2020, 9, 792.

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