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Open AccessReview

Cyclospora Cayetanensis—Major Outbreaks from Ready to Eat Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

1
EMBIO Diagnostics LTD., Athalassas 8b, 2018 Nicosia, Cyprus
2
Department of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology and Food Science, Cyprus University of Technology, Archbishop Kyprianos 30, 3036 Limassol, Cyprus
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(11), 1703; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111703
Received: 6 October 2020 / Revised: 7 November 2020 / Accepted: 18 November 2020 / Published: 20 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reviews on Food Microbiology, Foodborne Pathogens, and Probiotics)
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a coccidian protozoan that causes cyclosporiasis, a severe gastroenteric disease, especially for immunocompromised patients, children, and the elderly. The parasite is considered as an emerging organism and a major contributor of gastroenteritis worldwide. Although the global prevalence of cyclosporiasis morbidity and mortality has not been assessed, global concern has arisen since diarrheal illness and gastroenteritis significantly affect both developing countries and industrialized nations. In the last two decades, an increasing number of foodborne outbreaks has been associated with the consumption of fresh produce that is difficult to clean thoroughly and is consumed without processing. Investigations of these outbreaks have revealed the necessity to increase the awareness in clinicians of this infection, since this protozoan is often ignored by surveillance systems, and to establish control measures to reduce contamination of fresh produce. In this review, the major cyclosporiasis outbreaks linked to the consumption of ready to eat fresh fruits and vegetables are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cyclospora cayetanensis; major outbreaks; fresh produce Cyclospora cayetanensis; major outbreaks; fresh produce
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hadjilouka, A.; Tsaltas, D. Cyclospora Cayetanensis—Major Outbreaks from Ready to Eat Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. Foods 2020, 9, 1703. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111703

AMA Style

Hadjilouka A, Tsaltas D. Cyclospora Cayetanensis—Major Outbreaks from Ready to Eat Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. Foods. 2020; 9(11):1703. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111703

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hadjilouka, Agni; Tsaltas, Dimitris. 2020. "Cyclospora Cayetanensis—Major Outbreaks from Ready to Eat Fresh Fruits and Vegetables" Foods 9, no. 11: 1703. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111703

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