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Open AccessArticle

Brosimum alicastrum Sw. (Ramón): An Alternative to Improve the Nutritional Properties and Functional Potential of the Wheat Flour Tortilla

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Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Anillo Envolvente del Pronaf y Estocolmo s/n, C.P. Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 32310, Mexico
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Unidad de Recursos Naturales, Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, A.C. (CICY), Calle 43, No. 130 x 32 y 34, Chuburná de Hidalgo, C.P. Mérida, Yucatán 97205, Mexico
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Programa de Posgrado en Alimentos, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Cerro de las Campanas s/n, Col. Las Campanas, Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro 76100, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2019, 8(12), 613; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8120613
Received: 23 October 2019 / Revised: 20 November 2019 / Accepted: 21 November 2019 / Published: 24 November 2019
The wheat flour tortilla (WFT) is a Mexican food product widely consumed in the world, despite lacking fiber and micronutrients. Ramón seed flour (RSF) is an underutilized natural resource rich in fiber, minerals and bioactive compounds that can be used to improve properties of starchy foods, such as WFT. The study evaluated the impact of partial replacement of wheat flour with RSF on the physicochemical, sensory, rheological and nutritional properties and antioxidant capacity (AC) of RSF-containing flour tortilla (RFT). Results indicated that RFT (25% RSF) had higher dietary fiber (4.5 times) and mineral (8.8%; potassium 42.8%, copper 33%) content than WFT. Two sensory attributes were significantly different between RTF and WFT, color intensity and rollability. RFT was soft and it was accepted by the consumer. Phenolic compounds (PC) and AC were higher in RFT (11.7 times, 33%–50%, respectively) than WFT. PC identification by ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS) showed that phenolic acids esterified with quinic acid, such as chlorogenic and other caffeoyl and coumaroyl derivatives were the major PC identified in RSF, resveratrol was also detected. These results show that RSF can be used as an ingredient to improve nutritional and antioxidant properties of traditional foods, such as the WFT. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional value; antioxidant capacity; phenolic compounds; sensory properties; functional foods nutritional value; antioxidant capacity; phenolic compounds; sensory properties; functional foods
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Subiria-Cueto, R.; Larqué-Saavedra, A.; Reyes-Vega, M.L.; de la Rosa, L.A.; Santana-Contreras, L.E.; Gaytán-Martínez, M.; Vázquez-Flores, A.A.; Rodrigo-García, J.; Corral-Avitia, A.Y.; Núñez-Gastélum, J.A.; Martínez-Ruiz, N.R. Brosimum alicastrum Sw. (Ramón): An Alternative to Improve the Nutritional Properties and Functional Potential of the Wheat Flour Tortilla. Foods 2019, 8, 613.

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