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Open AccessArticle

Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Potential of Phenolic Metabolites from Traditionally Used Mediterranean Herbs and Spices

1
Department of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemistry and Technology, University of Split, Ruđera Boškovića 35, HR-21000 Split, Croatia
2
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Split, Ruđera Boškovića 33, HR-21000 Split, Croatia
3
Department of Marine Studies, University of Split, Ruđera Boškovića 37, HR-21000 Split, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2019, 8(11), 579; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8110579
Received: 3 October 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 14 November 2019 / Published: 15 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Food Additives: From Source to Application)
The phenolic extracts of fifteen Mediterranean medicinal plants, as well as their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities were investigated to grade their potential as additives in the food industry. Phenolic profiles of plant extracts were determined spectrophotometrically (total phenolics and phenolic subgroups) while individual compounds were identified using chromatographic assays. The biological activity of samples was determined using five antioxidant assays, while the antibacterial potential was determined against six foodborne pathogens (Camplyobacter coli, Escherichia coli, Salmonela Infantis, Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus). The results showed significant variations in phenolic profile of plants and consequently their biological activity. Bearberry contained the highest concentration of phenolics, was extremely rich in non-flavonoids and also had the highest amount of catechins that resulted with good reducing and free radical scavenging properties and low chelating activity. All extracts were not effective against tested microorganisms with Gram-positive bacteria being more sensitive (especially S. aureus). The most effective extracts were St. Johns wort against S. aureus with minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 1.00 mg/mL), bay laurel and nettle against B. cereus (MICs of 1.67 mg/mL), and woodland strawberry against L. monocytogenes (MIC of 3.33 mg/mL). View Full-Text
Keywords: phenolic compounds; herbs; antioxidants; antimicrobials; HPLC; PCA phenolic compounds; herbs; antioxidants; antimicrobials; HPLC; PCA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Generalić Mekinić, I.; Skroza, D.; Ljubenkov, I.; Katalinić, V.; Šimat, V. Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Potential of Phenolic Metabolites from Traditionally Used Mediterranean Herbs and Spices. Foods 2019, 8, 579.

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